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Network externalities: the catch-22 of retail payments innovations

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Author Info

  • William P. Osterberg
  • James B. Thomson

Abstract

An investigation of one of the reasons why electronic payments have not yet supplanted cash and checks in retail transactions: Consumers willingness to use an innovation depends on the number of merchants who have already adopted it, and merchants willingness to invest in the innovation depends on the number of consumers who are already using it.

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File URL: http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/commentary/1998/0215.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland in its journal Economic Commentary.

Volume (Year): (1998)
Issue (Month): Feb ()
Pages:

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Handle: RePEc:fip:fedcec:y:1998:i:feb15

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Related research

Keywords: Payment systems ; Smart cards;

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Cited by:
  1. Joanna Stavins, 2002. "Effect of consumer characteristics on the use of payment instruments," New England Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, issue Q 3, pages 19-31.
  2. Helmi Hamdi, 2007. "Some Ambiguities Concerning the Development of Electronic Money," Financial Theory and Practice, Institute of Public Finance, vol. 31(3), pages 293-307.
  3. Sujit Chakravorti & Alpa Shah, 2001. "A Study of the Interrelated Bilateral Transactions in Credit Card Networks," Law and Economics 0111001, EconWPA.
  4. Sujit Chakravorti, 2003. "Theory of credit card networks: a survey of the literature," Payment Cards Center Discussion Paper 03-09, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia.
  5. Kari Kemppainen, 2004. "Competition and regulation in European retail payment systems," Microeconomics 0404008, EconWPA.

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