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El poder de mercado o eficiencia: origen de las utilidades del sistema bancario mexicano de 1995

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  • Julio César Arteaga García

    ()
    (Facultad de Economía, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León.)

Abstract

Es común observar que a medida que el grado de concentración de una industria disminuye, sus empresas presentan resultados cada vez menos atractivos, en términos de ganancias. El debate se centra en la explicación de dicha relación positiva, pues, por un lado, el paradigma Estructura-Conducta-Desempeño (SCP) señala que las ganancias son mayores debido al poder de mercado que ejercen las empresas, mientras que la hipótesis de eficiencia destaca que la ventaja se da porque las empresas grandes pueden trabajar con costos menores. Utilizando datos para el sistema bancario mexicano en el periodo 1995–1999, ambas hipótesis son puestas a prueba para tratar de explicar el origen de las ganancias de los bancos en el país. En particular, se encuentra evidencia que apoya el punto de vista que sostiene el paradigma SCP.

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Article provided by Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon, Facultad de Economia in its journal Ensayos Revista de Economia.

Volume (Year): XX (2001)
Issue (Month): 1 (May)
Pages: 35-48

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Handle: RePEc:ere:journl:v:xx:y:2001:i:1:p:35-48

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  1. Peltzman, Sam, 1977. "The Gains and Losses from Industrial Concentration," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 20(2), pages 229-63, October.
  2. Allen N. Berger & Timothy H. Hannan, 1988. "The price-concentration relationship in banking," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 23, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  3. Hannan, Timothy H & Berger, Allen N, 1991. "The Rigidity of Prices: Evidence from the Banking Industry," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 81(4), pages 938-45, September.
  4. Jean Tirole, 1988. "The Theory of Industrial Organization," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262200716, December.
  5. Demsetz, Harold, 1973. "Industry Structure, Market Rivalry, and Public Policy," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 16(1), pages 1-9, April.
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