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Ethnic density effects on health and experienced racism among Caribbean people in the US and England: A cross-national comparison

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  • Bécares, Laia
  • Nazroo, James
  • Jackson, James
  • Heuvelman, Hein
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    Abstract

    Studies indicate an ethnic density effect, whereby an increase in the proportion of racial/ethnic minority people in an area is associated with reduced morbidity among its residents, though evidence is varied. Discrepancies may arise due to differences in the reasons for and periods of migration, and socioeconomic profiles of the racial/ethnic groups and the places where they live. It is important to increase our understanding of how these factors might promote or mitigate ethnic density effects. Cross-national comparative analyses might help in this respect, as they provide greater heterogeneity in historical and contemporary characteristics in the populations of interest, and it is when we consider this heterogeneity in the contexts of peoples' lives that we can more fully understand how social conditions and neighbourhood environments influence the health of migrant and racial/ethnic minority populations.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Social Science & Medicine.

    Volume (Year): 75 (2012)
    Issue (Month): 12 ()
    Pages: 2107-2115

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:socmed:v:75:y:2012:i:12:p:2107-2115

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    Keywords: Ethnic density; Race; Migration; Place; Racism; Caribbean; Black; USA; England; UK;

    References

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    1. Karlsen, Saffron & Nazroo, James Y. & Stephenson, Rob, 2002. "Ethnicity, environment and health: putting ethnic inequalities in health in their place," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 55(9), pages 1647-1661, November.
    2. Pickett, Kate E. & Shaw, Richard J. & Atkin, Karl & Kiernan, Kathleen E. & Wilkinson, Richard G., 2009. "Ethnic density effects on maternal and infant health in the Millennium Cohort Study," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 69(10), pages 1476-1483, November.
    3. Osypuk, Theresa L. & Bates, Lisa M. & Acevedo-Garcia, Dolores, 2010. "Another Mexican birthweight paradox? The role of residential enclaves and neighborhood poverty in the birthweight of Mexican-origin infants," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 70(4), pages 550-560, February.
    4. Laia Bécares & Mai Stafford & James Laurence & James Nazroo, 2011. "Composition, Concentration and Deprivation," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 48(13), pages 2771-2787, October.
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