Infant mortality and mother's education in Ondo State, Nigeria
AbstractA bivariate analysis of infant mortality in the 1986/87 Ondo State Demographic and Health Survey data indicates that children of secondary school graduates experienced a higher rate of infant mortality than children of less educated mothers. Although this pattern has also been shown in a few other Demographic and Health Surveys, this paper explores the Ondo State data to explain why infant mortality showed such a counterintuitive pattern in relation to maternal education. This search for an explanation of the pattern started with an examination of the data for errors and then proceeded to examine the importance of some intermediate mechanisms that had been suggested for the education-child survival relationship. The results suggested that data errors, use of health services and quality of maternal care were not enough to explain the relationship. Rather, results of a logistic regression analysis showed that breastfeeding duration and maternal age at childbirth were statistically the most significant variables for predicting infant survival in Ondo State. The inverse relationship between mother's education and infant mortality rates that was not shown by bivariate analysis came out clearly only after controlling for the effect of breastfeeding duration. The linkage between these findings and broader social and economic realities of Nigeria was provided through reviews of available information. The conclusion from the study was that, although breastfeeding and maternal age showed up as the most statistically significant variables, they apparently are just the variables that effectively captured the effects of the harsh economic conditions, especially among secondary school graduates, that prevent most young mothers from translating their child-rearing ideals into reality.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.
Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Elsevier in its journal Social Science & Medicine.
Volume (Year): 40 (1995)
Issue (Month): 2 (January)
Contact details of provider:
Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/315/description#description
You can help add them by filling out this form.
CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
- Ellen van de Poel & Owen O'Donnell & Eddy Van Doorslaer, 2007.
"What explains the Rural-Urban Gap in Infant Mortality — Household or Community Characteristics?,"
Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers
07-067/3, Tinbergen Institute.
- Ellen Poel & Owen O'donnell & Eddy Doorslaer, 2009. "What explains the rural-urban gap in infant mortality: Household or community characteristics?," Demography, Springer, vol. 46(4), pages 827-850, November.
- Ellen van de Poel & Owen O'Donnell & Eddy Van Doorslaer, 2007. "What explains the Rural-Urban Gap in Infant Mortality — Household or Community Characteristics?," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 07-067/3, Tinbergen Institute.
- Hajizadeh, Mohammad & Nandi, Arijit & Heymann, Jody, 2014. "Social inequality in infant mortality: What explains variation across low and middle income countries?," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 101(C), pages 36-46.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Zhang, Lei).
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.