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Geographical influences of an emerging network of gang rivalries

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Author Info

  • Hegemann, Rachel A.
  • Smith, Laura M.
  • Barbaro, Alethea B.T.
  • Bertozzi, Andrea L.
  • Reid, Shannon E.
  • Tita, George E.
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    Abstract

    We propose an agent-based model to simulate the creation of street gang rivalries. The movement dynamics of agents are coupled to an evolving network of gang rivalries, which is determined by previous interactions among agents in the system. Basic gang data, geographic information, and behavioral dynamics suggested by the criminology literature are integrated into the model. The major highways, rivers, and the locations of gangs’ centers of activity influence the agents’ motion. We use a policing division of the Los Angeles Police Department as a case study to test our model. We apply common metrics from graph theory to analyze our model, comparing networks produced by our simulations and an instance of a Geographical Threshold Graph to the existing network from the criminology literature.

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    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S037843711100447X
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications.

    Volume (Year): 390 (2011)
    Issue (Month): 21 ()
    Pages: 3894-3914

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:phsmap:v:390:y:2011:i:21:p:3894-3914

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    Web page: http://www.journals.elsevier.com/physica-a-statistical-mechpplications/

    Related research

    Keywords: Agent-based model; Complex system; Dynamic network; Gang rivalry; Biased Lévy walk; Geographical Threshold Graph;

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    1. M. T. Gastner & M. E.J. Newman, 2006. "The spatial structure of networks," The European Physical Journal B - Condensed Matter and Complex Systems, Springer, vol. 49(2), pages 247-252, 01.
    2. Jie-Jun Tseng & Chih-Hao Lin & Chih-Ting Lin & Sun-Chong Wang & Sai-Ping Li, 2010. "Statistical properties of agent-based models in markets with continuous double auction mechanism," Papers 1002.0917, arXiv.org.
    3. Tseng, Jie-Jun & Lin, Chih-Hao & Lin, Chih-Ting & Wang, Sun-Chong & Li, Sai-Ping, 2010. "Statistical properties of agent-based models in markets with continuous double auction mechanism," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 389(8), pages 1699-1707.
    4. Wong, Ling Heng & Pattison, Philippa & Robins, Garry, 2006. "A spatial model for social networks," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 360(1), pages 99-120.
    5. Toroczkai, Zoltán & Guclu, Hasan, 2007. "Proximity networks and epidemics," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 378(1), pages 68-75.
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