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Ubiquitous inequality: The home market effect in a multicountry space

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  • Zeng, Dao-Zhi
  • Uchikawa, Tomohiro

Abstract

We show that spatial inequalities in an economic space of multiple countries in terms of both nominal income and real income are ubiquitous in the sense that they appear when countries are differentiated by population only. A new trade theory model is constructed without any freely traded homogeneous good, so that we can examine the home market effect (HME) and the non-monotonic relation between income inequalities and globalization. Meanwhile, there are three HME definitions for a two-country space in terms of firm share, labor wage, and trade pattern. The first two remain applicable in a multicountry space, and they are shown to be equivalent. However, a natural extension of the third is not equivalent.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Mathematical Economics.

Volume (Year): 50 (2014)
Issue (Month): C ()
Pages: 225-233

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Handle: RePEc:eee:mateco:v:50:y:2014:i:c:p:225-233

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jmateco

Related research

Keywords: Spatial inequality; Globalization; Home market effect; Multicountry;

References

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  1. Diego Puga & Tony Venables, 1995. "Preferential trading arrangements and industrial location," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 2151, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
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  16. Krugman, Paul, 1980. "Scale Economies, Product Differentiation, and the Pattern of Trade," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 70(5), pages 950-59, December.
  17. Dao-Zhi Zeng & Toru Kikuchi, 2009. "Home Market Effect And Trade Costs," The Japanese Economic Review, Japanese Economic Association, vol. 60(2), pages 253-270.
  18. Krugman, Paul & Venables, Anthony J., 1990. "Integration and the Competitiveness of Peripheral Industry," CEPR Discussion Papers 363, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  19. Toshiaki Takahashi & Hajime Takatsuka & Dao-Zhi Zeng, 2013. "Spatial inequality, globalization, and footloose capital," Economic Theory, Springer, vol. 53(1), pages 213-238, May.
  20. Xavier Sala-i-Martin, 2006. "The World Distribution of Income: Falling Poverty and ... Convergence, Period," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 121(2), pages 351-397, May.
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