A detection model of college withdrawal
AbstractMany students during their college careers consider withdrawing from their respective college or university. Understanding why some students decide to withdraw yet others persist has implications for both the well being of students as well as for institutes of higher education. The present study develops a model of the decision to withdraw drawing on theories of voluntary employee turnover from organizational psychology and signal detection theory from the cognitive sciences. The model posits that precipitating events or shocks (e.g., changes in tuition) lead students to consider withdrawing from the university. If the evidence surpasses a criterion then the student decides to withdraw. The model was used to identify shocks students were sensitive to and to test hypotheses about the underlying decision process. The theoretical implications of this model in terms of understanding and predicting student withdrawal decisions and voluntary employee turnover decisions are discussed.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Elsevier in its journal Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes.
Volume (Year): 115 (2011)
Issue (Month): 1 (May)
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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/obhdp
College withdrawal Signal detection theory Shocks Turnover Quit;
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- Beach, Lee Roy & Puto, Christopher P. & Heckler, Susan E. & Naylor, Gillian & Marble, Todd A., 1996. "Differential versus Unit Weighting of Violations, Framing, and the Role of Probability in Image Theory's Compatibility Test," Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, Elsevier, vol. 65(2), pages 77-82, February.
- Grand, James A. & Golubovich, Juliya & Ryan, Ann Marie & Schmitt, Neal, 2013. "The detection and influence of problematic item content in ability tests: An examination of sensitivity review practices for personnel selection test development," Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, Elsevier, vol. 121(2), pages 158-173.
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