The effect of prime age adult mortality on household composition and consumption in rural Ethiopia
AbstractUsing panel data from Ethiopia covering 1994-1997, we estimate the impact of prime age adult mortality on household composition, household expenditures and dietary diversity. We employed propensity score matching with a difference-in-difference estimator to control for endogeneity of mortality to the outcomes of interest. Households losing a productive adult did not replenish the lost labor, regardless of economic status, sex or status of the deceased adult. With the exception of non-poor households, adult mortality resulted in increased dependency ratios, but did not adversely affect households' expenditure patterns (total, food and non-food expenditures) regardless of the sex and position of the deceased and the economic status of the households. Although food expenditures were protected, a decline in dietary diversity, especially among the poorest households, reflected increased nutrition insecurity associated with adult mortality.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Elsevier in its journal Food Policy.
Volume (Year): 36 (2011)
Issue (Month): 5 (October)
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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/foodpol
Adult mortality Household composition Household consumption Dietary diversity Propensity score matching Ethiopia;
Other versions of this item:
- Kadiyala, Suneetha & Rogers, Beatrice & Quisumbing, Agnes & Webb, Patrick, 2011. "The effect of prime age adult mortality on household composition and consumption in rural Ethiopia," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(5), pages 647-655.
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