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From home bias to Euro bias: Disentangling the effects of monetary union on the European financial markets

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  • Balli, Faruk
  • Basher, Syed Abul
  • Ozer-Balli, Hatice

Abstract

Following the launch of the Euro in 1999, integration among Euro area financial markets increased considerably. As a result, portfolio home bias declined across the European financial markets. However, greater market integration has generated a new bias: portfolio Euro bias, a situation where Euro investors tend to hold large proportion of assets issued within the Euro region. The first part of this paper presents an empirical analysis of the economic factors at play behind the switch from home bias to Euro bias. We find that decline in default risk and transaction cost are two key determinants of the rise in portfolio Euro bias. The second part of the paper goes deeper into the effects of Euro bias on Euro area bond and equity markets. We observe that both government and corporate bond markets revealed clear signs of strain during the recent financial turmoil. Our results also reveal that the risk-reduction potential from geographic diversification within the Euro equity market is lower than that of the Euro sector diversification.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Economics and Business.

Volume (Year): 62 (2010)
Issue (Month): 5 (September)
Pages: 347-366

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Handle: RePEc:eee:jebusi:v:62:y::i:5:p:347-366

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jeconbus

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Keywords: Financial integration Home bias Euro bias Transaction costs;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Balli, Faruk & Balli, Hatice O., 2011. "Sectoral equity returns in the Euro region: Is there any room for reducing portfolio risk?," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 63(2), pages 89-106.
  2. Faruk Balli & Syed Abul Basher & Hatice Ozer Balli, 2013. "International Income Risk-Sharing and the Global Financial Crisis of 2008- 2009," CAMA Working Papers 2013-02, Centre for Applied Macroeconomic Analysis, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.
  3. Faruk Balli & Syed Abul Basher & Faisal Rana, 2014. "The determinants of the volatility of returns on cross-border asset holdings," CAMA Working Papers 2014-01, Centre for Applied Macroeconomic Analysis, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.
  4. Gajewski, Krzysztof & Olszewski, Krzysztof & Pawłowska, Małgorzata & Rogowski, Wojciech & Tchorek, Grzegorz & Zięba, Jolanta, 2012. "Integracja finansowa w Europie po wprowadzeniu euro. Przegląd literatury
    [Financial integration in Europe after the introduction of the euro. A literature overview]
    ," MPRA Paper 42482, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. Marco Buti, 2011. "Balancing Imbalances: Improving Economic Governance in the EU after the Crisis," CESifo Forum, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 12(2), pages 03-11, 07.
  6. Hornuf, Lars & Engert, Andreas, 2013. "Can Network Effects Impede Optimal Contracting in Debt Securities?," Annual Conference 2013 (Duesseldorf): Competition Policy and Regulation in a Global Economic Order 79867, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
  7. Angelini, Elisabetta Croci & Farina, Francesco, 2012. "Current account imbalances and systemic risk within a monetary union," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 83(3), pages 647-656.
  8. Balli, Faruk & Basher, Syed Abul & Balli, Hatice Ozer, 2011. "Income insurance and the determinants of income insurance via foreign asset revenues and foreign liability payments," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 28(5), pages 2296-2306, September.

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