Are girls really becoming more delinquent? Testing the gender convergence hypothesis by race and ethnicity, 1976-2005
AbstractHistorically, girls have been less delinquent than boys. However, increased justice system involvement among girls and current portrayals of girls in the popular media and press suggest that girls' delinquency, particularly their violence and drug use, is becoming more similar to that of boys. Are girls really becoming more delinquent? To date, this question remains unresolved. Girls' increased system involvement might reflect actual changes in their behavior or changes in justice system policies and practices. Given that girls of color are overrepresented in the justice system, efforts to rigorously examine the gender convergence hypothesis must consider the role of race/ethnicity in girls' delinquency. This study uses self-report data from a large, nationally representative sample of youth to investigate the extent to which the magnitude of gender differences in violence and substance use varies across racial/ethnic groups and explore whether these differences have decreased over time. We find little support for the gender convergence hypothesis, because, with a few exceptions, the data do not show increases in girls' violence or drug use. Furthermore, even when girls' violent behavior or drug use has increased, the magnitude of the increase is not substantial enough to account for the dramatic increases in girls' arrests for violence and drug abuse violations.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.
Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Elsevier in its journal Children and Youth Services Review.
Volume (Year): 31 (2009)
Issue (Month): 8 (August)
Contact details of provider:
Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/childyouth
Delinquency Girls Gender Race/ethnicity Violence Substance use;
You can help add them by filling out this form.
CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
- Haight, Wendy & Marshall, Jane & Hans, Sydney & Black, James & Sheridan, Kathryn, 2010. ""They mess with me, I mess with them": Understanding physical aggression in rural girls and boys from methamphetamine-involved families," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 32(10), pages 1223-1234, October.
- Chiu, Yu-Ling & Ryan, Joseph P. & Herz, Denise C., 2011. "Allegations of maltreatment and delinquency: Does risk of juvenile arrest vary substantiation status?," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 33(6), pages 855-860, June.
- Patricia K. Kerig & Sheryl R. Schindler, 2013. "Engendering the Evidence Base: A Critical Review of the Conceptual and Empirical Foundations of Gender-Responsive Interventions for Girls’ Delinquency," Laws, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 2(3), pages 244-282, August.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Wendy Shamier).
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.