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Tracing the income-fertility nexus: Nonparametric Estimates for a Panel of Countries

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  • Holger Strulik

    ()
    (University of Hamburg)

  • Siddiqui Sikandar

    ()
    (University of Hamburg)

Abstract

We apply the a nonparametric method of kernel regression on a dataset for 109 countries to estimate the income fertility nexus in demo-economic transition. The results suggest the existence of a critical level of per capita income above which fertility decreases exponentially with rising income. For income levels below fertility stays on a high level and its relation to income is of minor significance. The critical income threshold changes over time and is lower for more recent periods, which gives evidence of major structural shifts in the relationship under investigation.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by AccessEcon in its journal Economics Bulletin.

Volume (Year): 15 (2002)
Issue (Month): 5 ()
Pages: 1-9

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Handle: RePEc:ebl:ecbull:eb-02o10001

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  1. Barro, Robert J. & Lee, Jong-Wha, 1993. "International comparisons of educational attainment," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 363-394, December.
  2. Partha Dasgupta, 1995. "The Population Problem: Theory and Evidence," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 33(4), pages 1879-1902, December.
  3. Holger Strulik, 1997. "Learning-by-doing, population pressure, and the theory of demographic transition," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 10(3), pages 285-298.
  4. David N. Weil & Oded Galor, 2000. "Population, Technology, and Growth: From Malthusian Stagnation to the Demographic Transition and Beyond," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 90(4), pages 806-828, September.
  5. Ehrlich, Isaac & Lui, Francis T, 1991. "Intergenerational Trade, Longevity, and Economic Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(5), pages 1029-59, October.
  6. Tamura, Robert, 1996. "From decay to growth: A demographic transition to economic growth," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 20(6-7), pages 1237-1261.
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Cited by:
  1. Larry E. Jones & Michele Tertilt, 2006. "An Economic History of Fertility in the U.S.: 1826-1960," NBER Working Papers 12796, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Fielding, David & McGillivray, Mark & Torres, Sebastian, 2006. "A Wider Approach to Aid Effectiveness: Correlated Impacts on Health, Wealth, Fertility and Education," Working Paper Series, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER) RP2006/23, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  3. Luciano Fanti & Mimmo Iannelli & Piero Manfredi, 2013. "Neoclassical growth with endogenous age distribution. Poverty vs low-fertility traps as steady states of demographic transitions," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 26(4), pages 1457-1484, October.
  4. Tom Vogl, 2013. "Differential Fertility, Human Capital, and Development," Working Papers, Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Research Program in Development Studies. 1452, Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Research Program in Development Studies..

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