Divergence in Per Capita Electric Power Consumption: An African Perspective
AbstractThis paper tests for convergence in relative per capita electric power consumption for 22 African countries, covering the period 1971-2002. Parametric techniques which are regressions and unit root tests are used. Neoclassical convergence hypothesis such as the ?-convergence is rejected while evidence in support of ?-convergence is obtained. Stochastic convergence is further investigated by applying a battery of time-series and panel unit roots tests. Strong evidence of stochastic divergence is found after controlling for cross-sectional dependence. Finally, non-parametric techniques based on kernels reveal some evidence of club-formation.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Euro-American Association of Economic Development in its journal Applied Econometrics and International Development.
Volume (Year): 8 (2008)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
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- C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Longitudinal Data; Spatial Time Series
- Q41 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Demand and Supply
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