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Rachats d’actions versus dividendes:effet de substitution sur le marché boursier français?

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  • Sébastien Dereeper

    ()
    (Université de Metz)

  • Frédéric Romon

    (Université de Lille 2)

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    Abstract

    (VF)Depuis 1998, les sociétés françaises cotées en bourse peuvent utiliser des programmes de rachat d’actions. Cette possibilité constitue une alternative au paiement « traditionnel » du dividende. Entre 1998 et 2001, les sociétés de notre échantillon ont procédé à 37,2 Md€ de rachat d’actions contre 47,8 Md€ de dividendes. Toutefois, l’hypothèse de substitution entre rachat d’actions et dividende ne semble pas valide. Nous montrons que les firmes les plus actives en matière de rachat d’actions sont également celles qui présentent les politiques de dividende les plus généreuses. En fait, dividende et rachat d’actions apparaissent complémentaires.(VA)Since 1998, French public firms can use open market share repurchases. We hypothesize that this opportunity represents an alternative means of paying out cash to shareholders when compared to the “classical” dividend. Between 1998 and 2001, the firms in our sample spent 37.2 billion € in share repurchases against 47.8 billion € in dividends. However, the substitution hypothesis between dividends and share repurchases does not seem to hold. We show that the most active firms in repurchases also present the highest dividend policies. In fact, dividends and share repurchases appear to be complementary.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by revues.org in its journal Revue Finance Contrôle Stratégie.

    Volume (Year): 9 (2006)
    Issue (Month): 1 (March)
    Pages: 157-186

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    Handle: RePEc:dij:revfcs:v:9:y:2006:i:q1:p:157-186

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    Related research

    Keywords: effet de substitution; programme de rachat d’actions; politique de dividende; substitution hypothesis; open market share repurchases; dividend policy.;

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    References

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    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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    1. David L. Ikenberry & Theo Vermaelen, 1996. "The Option to Repurchase Stock," Financial Management, Financial Management Association, vol. 25(4), Winter.
    2. Chinmoy Ghosh & J. Randall Woolridge, 1988. "An Analysis Of Shareholder Reaction To Dividend Cuts And Omissions," Journal of Financial Research, Southern Finance Association;Southwestern Finance Association, vol. 11(4), pages 281-294, December.
    3. Eugene F. Fama & Kenneth R. French, . "Disappearing Dividends: Changing Firm Characteristics or Lower Propensity to Pay?."," CRSP working papers 509, Center for Research in Security Prices, Graduate School of Business, University of Chicago.
    4. Christine Jolls, 1998. "Stock Repurchases and Incentive Compensation," NBER Working Papers 6467, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Roni Michaely & Richard H. Thaler & Kent Womack, 1994. "Price Reactions to Dividend Initiations and Omissions: Overreaction or Drift?," NBER Working Papers 4778, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Denis, David J. & Denis, Diane K. & Sarin, Atulya, 1994. "The Information Content of Dividend Changes: Cash Flow Signaling, Overinvestment, and Dividend Clienteles," Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 29(04), pages 567-587, December.
    7. Gustavo Grullon & Roni Michaely, 2004. "The Information Content of Share Repurchase Programs," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 59(2), pages 651-680, 04.
    8. Faccio, Mara & Lang, Larry H. P., 2002. "The ultimate ownership of Western European corporations," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 65(3), pages 365-395, September.
    9. Jong, A. de & Dijk, R. van & Veld, C.H., 2000. "The Dividend and Share Repurchase Policies of Canadian Firms: Empirical Evidence based on New Research Design," Discussion Paper 2000-16, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
    10. Gustavo Grullon & Roni Michaely, 2002. "Dividends, Share Repurchases, and the Substitution Hypothesis," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 57(4), pages 1649-1684, 08.
    11. Stulz, ReneM., 1988. "Managerial control of voting rights : Financing policies and the market for corporate control," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 20(1-2), pages 25-54, January.
    12. DeAngelo, Harry & DeAngelo, Linda & Skinner, Douglas J., 2000. "Special dividends and the evolution of dividend signaling," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(3), pages 309-354, September.
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    Cited by:
    1. du Jardin, Philippe & Séverin, Eric, 2011. "Dividend policy," MPRA Paper 44382, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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