The Double Jeopardy Phenomenon and the Mediating Effect of Brand Penetration between Advertising and Brand Loyalty
AbstractIn a study of the Double Jeopardy (DJ) phenomenon and the mediating effect of brand penetration between advertising and brand loyalty, we integrate a survey of 19,335 consumers on their buying behavior of 187 brands across two fast moving consumer goods categories, shampoo and detergent, and a database of advertising expenditures on these brands in four major cities in China. We find that (1) smaller brands are punished twice for being small, following the well-known DJ pattern, which says that brands with larger market penetration tend to enjoy higher repeated purchases and smaller brands attract fewer buyers who also buy less; (2) brand penetration plays a mediating role in the relationship between advertising and brand loyalty; and (3) there is an asymmetric effect of market penetration on brand loyalty for small and big brands.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Cambridge University Press in its journal Journal of Advertising Research.
Volume (Year): 45 (2005)
Issue (Month): 02 (June)
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- Uncles, Mark D. & Kwok, Simon, 2013. "Designing research with in-built differentiated replication," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 66(9), pages 1398-1405.
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