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School Choice, Stratification and Information on School Performance: Lessons from Chile


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  • Patrick J. McEwan


  • Miguel Urquiola


  • Emiliana Vegas



"Chile´s experience suggests that we have much to learn about the consequences of education reform, especially school choice, and why it has not resulted in learning gains of the magnitude one might have predicted. This paper addresses these issues in two ways. First, we review the previous literature on the impact of choice in Chile, focusing on the effects on average student achievement and stratification.To shed additional light on this debate, we present new evidence from a regression-discontinuity design that supports previous findings that school choice-at least as it has been implemented until now-has increased stratification while having little effect on average achievement. Second, we explore some factors that may explain why the evolution of school quality in Chile has been disappointing. We focus on the difficulties researchers have encountered in generating and interpreting information on school performance."

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Volume (Year): (2008)
Issue (Month): ()

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Handle: RePEc:col:000425:008613

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Keywords: School choice; stratification; student performance; Chile;

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Cited by:
  1. McEwan, Patrick J., 2013. "The impact of Chile's school feeding program on education outcomes," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 122-139.
  2. Ortega, Daniel E., 2009. "Human Development of Peoples," MPRA Paper 19232, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Birdsall, Nancy & Lustig, Nora & Meyer, Christian J., 2014. "The Strugglers: The New Poor in Latin America?," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 132-146.
  4. MacLeod, W. Bentley & Urquiola, Miguel, 2012. "Competition and Educational Productivity: Incentives Writ Large," IZA Discussion Papers 7063, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  5. W. Bentley MacLeod & Miguel Urquiola, 2009. "Anti-Lemons: School Reputation and Educational Quality," NBER Working Papers 15112, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Andrade, Eduardo de Carvalho, 2009. "Rankings em educação: tipos, problemas, informações e mudanças," Insper Working Papers, Insper Working Paper, Insper Instituto de Ensino e Pesquisa wpe_198, Insper Working Paper, Insper Instituto de Ensino e Pesquisa.


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