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El Efecto de la Maternidad Sobre los Ingresos Femeninos

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Author Info

  • Liliana Olarte

    ()

  • Ximena Peña

    ()

Abstract

El presente trabajo analiza el efecto del número y de la estructura de edades de los hijos sobre los ingresos de las mujeres en Colombia. Las madres ganan en promedio 17,6% menos que las no madres. Comono todas las mujeres participan en el mercado laboral, existen potenciales problemas de selección queson corregidos. Los resultados empíricos confirman la existencia de una penalización por maternidadsobre los ingresos que resulta significativa. Se estima que luego de controlar por variables observablesy sesgo de selección, aún persiste una brecha en los ingresos de 9,4% entre madres y no madres;la brecha es más amplia cuando los hijos tienen menos de 5 años de edad; 18,4%. Este diferencial deingresos se debe en parte a que las madres son empleadas con mayor probabilidad en trabajos de peorcalidad que las no madres, donde no se contribuye a salud ni a pensión, y a que ser madre está relacionado con mayores responsabilidades domésticas al interior del hogar.

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File URL: http://www.banrep.gov.co/sites/default/files/publicaciones/archivos/espe_063-5.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE in its journal ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA.

Volume (Year): (2010)
Issue (Month): ()
Pages:

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Handle: RePEc:col:000107:009437

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Related research

Keywords: maternidad; brecha en los ingresos; sesgo de selección; Colombia.;

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Cited by:
  1. Luis Fernando Gamboa & Blanca Zuluaga, 2011. "Is there a motherhood penalty? Decomposing the family wage gap in Colombia," Working Papers 220, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.

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