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Cost of living, real wages and real incomes in thirteen Canadian cities, 1900-1950

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  • J. C. Herbert Emery
  • Clint Levitt

Abstract

Price indices for thirteen Canadian cities for 1900 to 1950 demonstrate large regional differences in cost of living until 1914. After 1914 regional price levels converged. Before the war, western Canadian cities had the highest cost of living. After 1920 cities in Ontario had the highest cost of living. Accounting for these trends in regional costs of living reveals that regional real wage and real income structures have been present and stable since at least 1901. Thus, regional wage and income disparities are long-standing and persistent features of the Canadian economy.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Canadian Economics Association in its journal Canadian Journal of Economics.

Volume (Year): 35 (2002)
Issue (Month): 1 (February)
Pages: 115-137

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Handle: RePEc:cje:issued:v:35:y:2002:i:1:p:115-137

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Cited by:
  1. Ross D. Hickey & David S. Jacks, 2010. "Nominal Rigidities and Retail Price Dispersion in Canada over the Twentieth Century," NBER Working Papers 16098, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Mary MacKinnon & Chris Minns, 2009. "The impact of school provision on pupil attendance: evidence from the early 20th century," Economic History Working Papers, London School of Economics and Political Science, Department of Economic History 27863, London School of Economics and Political Science, Department of Economic History.
  3. Kris Inwood & Mary MacKinnon & Chris Minns, 2010. "Labour market dynamics in Canada, 1891-1911: a first look from new census samples," Economic History Working Papers, London School of Economics and Political Science, Department of Economic History 30016, London School of Economics and Political Science, Department of Economic History.
  4. J.C. Herbert Emery & Ronald D. Kneebone, 2008. "Socialists, Populists, Resources, and the Divergent Development of Alberta and Saskatchewan," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 34(4), pages 419-440, December.
  5. Kris Inwood & Chris Minns & Lee Summerfield, 2014. "Reverse assimilation? Immigrants in the Canadian labour market during the Great Depression," Economic History Working Papers, London School of Economics and Political Science, Department of Economic History 57209, London School of Economics and Political Science, Department of Economic History.

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