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Reverse assimilation? Immigrants in the Canadian labour market during the Great Depression

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  • Kris Inwood
  • Chris Minns
  • Lee Summerfield

Abstract

This paper uses Canadian Census data from 1911 to 1931 to trace the labour market assimilation of immigrants up to the onset of the Great Depression. We find that substantial earnings convergence between 1911 and 1921 was reversed between 1921 and 1931, with immigrants from Continental Europe experiencing a sharp decline in earnings relative to the native-born. The effect of Depression labour market conditions were particularly pronounced among older immigrants with long tenures in Canada.

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File URL: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/57209/
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by London School of Economics and Political Science, Department of Economic History in its series Economic History Working Papers with number 57209.

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Length: 36 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2014
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ehl:wpaper:57209

Contact details of provider:
Postal: LSE, Dept. of Economic History Houghton Street London, WC2A 2AE, U.K.
Phone: +44 (0) 20 7955 7084
Web page: http://www.lse.ac.uk/economicHistory/
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Related research

Keywords: Canada; Immigrants; Assimilation; Earnings; Wages; Early 20th Century; Great Depression; Labour Markets;

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References

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  23. Simon Kuznets & Ernest Rubin, 1954. "Appendices to "Immigration and the Foreign Born"," NBER Chapters, in: Immigration and the Foreign Born, pages 85-107 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  24. Ran Abramitzky & Leah Platt Boustan & Katherine Eriksson, 2012. "A Nation of Immigrants: Assimilation and Economic Outcomes in the Age of Mass Migration," NBER Working Papers 18011, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  25. Hatton, Timothy J., 1997. "The Immigrant Assimilation Puzzle in Late Nineteenth-Centuty America," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 57(01), pages 34-62, March.
  26. Pia M. Orrenius & Madeline Zavodny, 2010. "Mexican Immigrant Employment Outcomes over the Business Cycle," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 100(2), pages 316-20, May.
  27. Alan G. Green & David A. Green, 1995. "Canadian Immigration Policy: The Effectiveness of the Point System and Other Instruments," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 28(4b), pages 1006-41, November.
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  29. Zagorsky, Jay L., 1998. "Was depression era unemployment really less in Canada than the U.S.?," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 61(1), pages 125-131, October.
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