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Institutionen und Wachstum – ein Ranking für OECD-Länder

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  • Wolfgang Ochel
  • Anja Rohwer

    ()

Abstract

Für einzelne Länder ist es von Interesse zu erfahren, ob ihre institutionellen Regelungen Eigenschaften aufweisen, mit denen erfahrungsgemäß ein hohes Wachstum des Pro-Kopf-Einkommens erreicht werden kann. Eine solche Einschätzung kann mit dem Institutionenindex vorgenommen werden, der vom ifo Institut in Zusammenarbeit mit Theo Eicher, University of Washington, Seattle, entwickelt worden ist. Der Index liefert einen Maßstab, um die Qualität der Institutionen eines Landes zu bewerten. Für das Jahr 2009 wiesen die Veränderungen des Index einen gleichläufigen Verlauf mit den Veränderungen des Pro-Kopf-Einkommens in den OECD-Ländern auf. Das heißt, zeitlich verzögerte und gemittelte institutionelle Indikatoren eignen sich gut für die Vorhersage des Wirtschaftswachstums in den OECD-Ländern. Für den Anstieg des Institutionenindex und damit auch für das Wachstum der OECD-Länder insgesamt waren vor allem die Erhöhung der Effizienz des Humankapitals, Reformen der Arbeitsmärkte und strukturelle Anpassungen bei den Staatsausgaben verantwortlich.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich in its journal ifo Schnelldienst.

Volume (Year): 63 (2010)
Issue (Month): 09 (05)
Pages: 25-31

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Handle: RePEc:ces:ifosdt:v:63:y:2010:i:09:p:25-31

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Related research

Keywords: Ranking-Verfahren; Vergleich; Institutionalismus; Wirtschaftswachstum; OECD-Staaten;

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  1. Wolfgang Ochel & Rigmar Osterkamp, 2007. "What Does the Institutions Climate Index for OECD Countries Tell us about Institutional Change and Economic Policy Reforms?," CESifo DICE Report, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 5(1), pages 50-62, 05.
  2. Theo Eicher & Oliver Röhn, 2007. "Institutional Determinants of Economic Performance in OECD Countries – An Institutions Climate Index," CESifo DICE Report, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 5(1), pages 38-49, 05.
  3. Theo Eicher & Wolfgang Ochel & Oliver Röhn & Anja Rohwer, 2008. "Institutionen und Wirtschaftswachstum in den OECD-Ländern," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 61(11), pages 28-36, 06.
  4. Wolfgang Ochel & Oliver Röhn, 2008. "Indikatorenbasierte Länderrankings," Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, Verein für Socialpolitik, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 9(2), pages 226-251, 05.
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