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Wie viel Aufkommen kostet die Einführung eines Konsumsteuersystems? Weniger als 1% des BIP

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Author Info

  • Johannes Becker
  • Clemens Fuest

Abstract

Das bestehende Steuersystem wird häufig als ein Grund für die anhaltende Investitions- und Wachstumsschwäche in Deutschland angesehen. Daher wird insbesondere von Seiten deutscher Wirtschaftswissenschaftler eine konsumorientierte Umgestaltung des Steuersystems gefordert. Hingegen weisen Kritiker dieser Ansicht darauf hin, dass dies auf Unternehmensebene zu einer Verkleinerung der Bemessungsgrundlage führen würde, die entweder höhere Steuersätze erfordern würde oder hohe Steuerausfälle zur Folge hätte. Prof. Dr. Clemens Fuest und Johannes Becker, Universität zu Köln, untersuchen in diesem Beitrag, wie hoch die Aufkommensverluste wären, wenn Deutschland bei unveränderten Steuertarifen ein konsumbasiertes Steuersystem einführen würde. Sie zeigen, dass der Verlust an Steueraufkommen im Fall einer konsumorientierten Steuerreform in den Jahren 1983 bis 1998 überraschend klein gewesen wäre. Offenbar stehen den Ausfällen, die durch die notwendige Verkleinerung der Bemessungsgrundlage entstehen, beachtliche Einsparungen gegenüber, die aus der Abschaffung von Steuerschlupflöchern und steuerbegünstigten Abschreibungsmöglichkeiten resultieren.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich in its journal ifo Schnelldienst.

Volume (Year): 58 (2005)
Issue (Month): 03 (02)
Pages: 23-25

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Handle: RePEc:ces:ifosdt:v:58:y:2005:i:03:p:23-25

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Related research

Keywords: Steuersystem; Verbrauchsteuer; Steueraufkommen; Steuerbemessung; Deutschland;

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References

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  1. Roger H. Gordon & Laura Kalambokidis & Joel Slemrod, 2003. "Do We Now Collect Any Revenue From Taxing Capital Income?," NBER Working Papers 9477, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Michael P. Devereux & Rachel Griffith & Alexander Klemm, 2002. "Corporate income tax reforms and international tax competition," Economic Policy, CEPR & CES & MSH, vol. 17(35), pages 449-495, October.
  3. Clemens Fuest & Alfons Weichenrieder, 2002. "Tax Competition and Profit Shifting: On the Relationship between Personal and Corporate Tax Rates," CESifo Working Paper Series 781, CESifo Group Munich.
  4. Roger H. Gordon & Joel Slemrod, 1988. "Do We Collect Any Revenue from Taxing Capital Income?," NBER Chapters, in: Tax Policy and the Economy: Volume 2, pages 89-130 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Johannes Becker & Clemens Fuest, 2005. "Does Germany Collect Revenue from Taxing Capital Income?," CESifo Working Paper Series 1489, CESifo Group Munich.
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