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Faut-il inciter l'offre ou la demande de travail peu qualifié ?


  • Pierre Cahuc
  • Étienne Lehmann


We use dynamical job search matching framework to compare the effects of two policies targeted on low skilled jobs paid at a the minimum wage : reductions of employers’ contributions to social security versus reductions of taxes paid by employees such as the « Prime pour l’Emploi ». Our approach integrates simultaneously job search behaviour and frictional unemployment, contrary to previous literature. This type of model allows us to deal with effects of policies on unemployment rate, employment rate and welfare. Our results suggest that reducing employers contributions has larger effects on unemployment rate and unemployment spell, whereas redducing taxes paid by employees has larger effects on participation rates and welfare. Classification JEL : J64, J65

Suggested Citation

  • Pierre Cahuc & Étienne Lehmann, 2002. "Faut-il inciter l'offre ou la demande de travail peu qualifié ?," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 53(6), pages 1305-1327.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_536_1305

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Maxim Engers & Steven Stern, 2002. "Long-Term Care and Family Bargaining," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 43(1), pages 73-114, February.
    2. Schoeni, Robert F, 1997. "Private Interhousehold Transfers of Money and Time: New Empirical Evidence," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 43(4), pages 423-448, December.
    3. Hiedemann, Bridget & Stern, Steven, 1999. "Strategic play among family members when making long-term care decisions," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 40(1), pages 29-57, September.
    4. François-Charles Wolff, 2000. "Les transferts versés aux enfants et aux parents : altruisme ou échange intertemporel?," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 142(1), pages 67-91.
    5. Jellal, Mohamed & Wolff, Francois-Charles, 2002. "Cultural evolutionary altruism: theory and evidence," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 241-262, June.
    6. Sloan, Frank A & Picone, Gabriel & Hoerger, Thomas J, 1997. "The Supply of Children's Time to Disabled Elderly Parents," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 35(2), pages 295-308, April.
    7. McGarry, K. & Schoeni, R.F., 1995. "Transfer Behavior With the Family: Results from the Asset and Health Dynamics Survey," Papers 95-09, RAND - Labor and Population Program.
    8. Schoeni, R.F., 2000. "Support Networks within the Family As a Public Good Problem," Papers 00-06, RAND - Labor and Population Program.
    9. Ehrlich, Isaac & Lui, Francis T, 1991. "Intergenerational Trade, Longevity, and Economic Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(5), pages 1029-1059, October.
    10. Cigno, Alessandro, 1993. "Intergenerational transfers without altruism : Family, market and state," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 505-518, November.
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    Cited by:

    1. Étienne Lehmann, 2003. "Évaluation de la mise en place d'un système d'allocation universelle en présence de qualifications hétérogènes : le rôle institutionnel du salaire minimum," Economie & Prévision, La Documentation Française, vol. 157(1), pages 31-50.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
    • J65 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment Insurance; Severance Pay; Plant Closings


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