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Financial Development and Economic Growth: Empirical Evidence from Six MENA Countries

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  • Suleiman Abu-Bader
  • Aamer S. Abu-Qarn

Abstract

This paper examines the causal relationship between financial development and economic growth for six Middle Eastern and North African countries (Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Morocco, Syria, and Tunisia), within a quadvariate vector autoregressive framework. We employ four different measures of financial development and apply the augmented vector autoregression vector (VAR) methodology of Toda and Yamamoto to test for Granger causality. Our empirical results strongly support the hypothesis that finance leads to growth in five out of the six countries. Only in Israel could weak support be found for causality running from economic growth to financial development but no causality in the other direction. These findings suggest the need to accelerate the financial reforms that have been launched since the mid 1980s and to improve the efficiency of these countries' financial systems to stimulate saving/investment and, consequently, long-term economic growth. Copyright � 2008 The Authors. Journal compilation � 2008 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Wiley Blackwell in its journal Review of Development Economics.

Volume (Year): 12 (2008)
Issue (Month): 4 (November)
Pages: 803-817

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Handle: RePEc:bla:rdevec:v:12:y:2008:i:4:p:803-817

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Cited by:
  1. Anthony Enisan Akinlo & Tajudeen Egbetunde, 2010. "Financial Development and Economic Growth: The Experience of 10 Sub-Saharan African Countries Revisited," The Review of Finance and Banking, Academia de Studii Economice din Bucuresti, Romania / Facultatea de Finante, Asigurari, Banci si Burse de Valori / Catedra de Finante, vol. 2(1), pages 017-028, June.
  2. Asongu Simplice, 2013. "Liberalization and financial sector competition: a critical contribution to the empirics with an African assessment," Working Papers 13/031, African Governance and Development Institute..
  3. Huiran Pan & Chun Wang, 2013. "Financial Development And Economic Growth: A New Investigation," Journal of Economic Development, Chung-Ang Unviersity, Department of Economics, vol. 38(1), pages 27-46, March.
  4. Asongu Simplice, 2013. "New financial development indicators: with a critical contribution to inequality empirics," Working Papers 13/036, African Governance and Development Institute..
  5. Kar, Muhsin & NazlIoglu, Saban & AgIr, Hüseyin, 2011. "Financial development and economic growth nexus in the MENA countries: Bootstrap panel granger causality analysis," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 28(1-2), pages 685-693, January.
  6. Asongu Simplice, 2012. "Financial sector competition and knowledge economy: evidence from SSA and MENA countries," Working Papers 12/021, African Governance and Development Institute..
  7. Simplice A., Asongu, 2011. "New financial intermediary development indicators for developing countries," MPRA Paper 30921, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  8. Manizheh Falahaty & Siong Law, 2012. "The Effect of Globalization on Financial Development in the MENA Region," Transition Studies Review, Springer, vol. 19(2), pages 205-223, November.
  9. Ayadi, Rym & Arbak, Emrah & Ben-Naceur, Sami & De Groen, Willem Pieter, 2013. "Financial Development, Bank Efficiency and Economic Growth across the Mediterranean," CEPS Papers 7832, Centre for European Policy Studies.
  10. Kyophilavong, Phouphet & Salah Uddin, Gazi & Shahbaz, Muhammad, 2014. "The Nexus Between Financial Development and Economic Growth in Lao PDR," MPRA Paper 57308, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 14 Jul 2014.
  11. Taofik M. Ibrahim & Mohammed I. Shuaibu, 2013. "Financial Development: A Fillip or Impediment to Nigeria’s Economic Growth," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 3(2), pages 305-318.
  12. Milenkovic, Nemanja & Vukmirovic, Jovanka & Bulajic, Milica & Radojicic, Zoran, 2014. "A multivariate approach in measuring socio-economic development of MENA countries," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 604-608.
  13. Roshaiza Taha & Sisira R.N. Colombage & Svetlana Maslyuk, 2009. "Financial development and economic growth in Malaysia: Cointegration and Co-feature analysis," Development Research Unit Working Paper Series 31-09, Monash University, Department of Economics.
  14. repec:asi:ajoerj:2013:p:752-762 is not listed on IDEAS
  15. Wolde-Rufael, Yemane, 2009. "Re-examining the financial development and economic growth nexus in Kenya," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 26(6), pages 1140-1146, November.
  16. Simplice A, Asongu, 2012. "New indicators for the mobile banking nexus," MPRA Paper 38575, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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