Spatial Dimensions of the Easterlin Hypothesis: Fertility Variations in Italy
AbstractThe paper re-evaluates the Easterlin hypothesis in a multiregional context by conceptually and methodologically accounting for two processes of spatial interdependence in an open subnational demo-economic system: diffusion of fertility norms and values across space, and movements between labor markets. The empirical analysis estimates pooled cross-sectional, time-series models using data for 18 Italian regions from 1952 to 1995. The results suggest that accounting for spatial interdependencies is necessary to avoid model misspecifications. Moreover, the models lead to space-time landscapes of fertility elasticities that suggest, for the majority of space-time units, an inverse Easterlin effect for the diffusion component but support of the Easterlin hypothesis due to labor movements across space. Copyright 2002 Blackwell Publishers Inc.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Wiley Blackwell in its journal Journal of Regional Science.
Volume (Year): 42 (2002)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
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Web page: http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journal.asp?ref=0022-4146
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- Elena Kotyrlo, 2013. "Stationarity conditions for the spatial first-order and serial second-order model," Letters in Spatial and Resource Sciences, Springer, vol. 6(1), pages 19-29, March.
- Macunovich, Diane J., 2011. "Re-Visiting the Easterlin Hypothesis: U.S. Fertility 1968-2010," IZA Discussion Papers 5885, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Marcia Castro, 2007. "Spatial Demography: An Opportunity to Improve Policy Making at Diverse Decision Levels," Population Research and Policy Review, Springer, vol. 26(5), pages 477-509, December.
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