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The Distribution of Teacher Quality and Implications for Policy

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Author Info

  • Eric A. Hanushek

    ()
    ( Hoover Institution, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305
    Department of Economics, University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, Texas 75080
    National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138
    CESifo, 81679 Munich, Germany)

  • Steven G. Rivkin

    ()
    ( Department of Economics, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60607
    Department of Economics, University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, Texas 75080
    National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138
    CESifo, 81679 Munich, Germany)

Abstract

It has become commonplace to measure teacher quality in terms of teacher value-added. Operationally, this means evaluating teachers according to the learning gains of students on various achievement tests. Existing research consistently shows large variations in teacher effectiveness, much of which is within schools as opposed to between schools. The policy implications of these variations are dramatic. But the underlying statistical modeling has become the subject of intense research, in part because of this direct use of value-added measures in policy discussions.

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File URL: http://www.annualreviews.org/doi/abs/10.1146/annurev-economics-080511-111001
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Annual Reviews in its journal Annual Review of Economics.

Volume (Year): 4 (2012)
Issue (Month): 1 (07)
Pages: 131-157

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Handle: RePEc:anr:reveco:v:4:y:2012:p:131-157

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Related research

Keywords: teacher value-added; persistence; test measurement error; LIFO policies; economic impacts;

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Cited by:
  1. Cory Koedel & Mark Ehlert & Eric Parsons & Michael Podgursky & P. Brett Xiang, 2014. "Selecting Growth Measures for School and Teacher Evaluations," Working Papers 1401, Department of Economics, University of Missouri.
  2. Eric A. Hanushek & Guido Schwerdt & Simon Wiederhold & Ludger Woessmann, 2013. "Returns to Skills around the World: Evidence from PIAAC," NBER Working Papers 19762, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Marc Piopiunik & Guido Schwerdt & Ludger Woessmann, 2012. "Central School Exit Exams and Labor-Market Outcomes," CESifo Working Paper Series 3940, CESifo Group Munich.
  4. Stephen Gibbons & Sandra McNally, 2013. "The Effects of Resources Across School Phases: A Summary of Recent Evidence," CEP Discussion Papers dp1226, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.

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