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Factors Affecting Beef Cow-Herd Costs, Production, and Profits


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  • Ramsey, Ruslyn
  • Doye, Damona G.
  • Ward, Clement E.
  • McGrann, James M.
  • Falconer, Lawrence L.
  • Bevers, Stanley J.


Cow-herd standardized performance analysis (SPA) data for Texas, Oklahoma, and New Mexico were used to determine economic factors affecting cow-herd costs, production, and profitability. Total cost was defined as the financial cost associated with raising a calf through the weaning stage; production, as pounds weaned per exposed female; and profits, as a rate of return on assets. Variable affecting one of more performance measures included herd size; pounds of feed fed; real estate, machinery, and breeding-stock investments; calving percentage; death loss; and breeding-season length. Management variables were especially important for financial costs and profitability of the cow-herd operation.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Southern Agricultural Economics Association in its journal Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics.

Volume (Year): 37 (2005)
Issue (Month): 01 (April)

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Handle: RePEc:ags:joaaec:43687

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Keywords: beef; cattle; costs; cow-calf; economics; production; profits; return on assets; Production Economics; Q120;

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Cited by:
  1. McBride, William D. & Johnson, James D., 2006. "Defining and Characterizing Approaches to Farm Management," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 38(01), April.
  2. Elliott, Lisa & Parcell, Joe & Patterson, David & Smith, Michael F. & Poock, Scott, 2013. "Factors Influencing Beef Reproductive Technology Adoption," Journal of the ASFMRA, American Society of Farm Managers and Rural Appraisers.
  3. Iimi, Atsushi, 2007. "Infrastructure and trade preferences for the livestock sector : empirical evidence from the beef industry in Africa," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4201, The World Bank.
  4. Marques, P.R. & Barcellos, J.O.J. & McManus, C. & Oaigen, R.P. & Collares, F.C. & Canozzi, M.E.A. & Lampert, V.N., 2011. "Competitiveness of beef farming in Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 104(9), pages 689-693.
  5. Dhoubhadel, Sunil P. & Stockton, Matthew C., 2013. "Economic Differences Among Beef Production Systems Of The Nebraska Sandhills," 2013 Annual Meeting, February 2-5, 2013, Orlando, Florida 142743, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
  6. Wang, Tong & Park, Seong C. & Bevers, Stan & Teague, Richard & Cho, Jaesung, 2013. "Factors Affecting Cow-Calf Herd Performance and Greenhouse Gas Emissions," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 38(3), December.
  7. Adkins, Tracey S. & Riley, John Michael & Little, Randall D. & Coatney, Kalyn T., 2012. "Cow-Calf Operations in the Southeastern United States: An Analysis of Farm Characteristics and Production Risks," 2012 Annual Meeting, February 4-7, 2012, Birmingham, Alabama 119757, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.


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