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Labour Productivity, Technological Gap and Spillovers Evidence from Moroccan Manufacturing Industries

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  • Jamal bouoiyour
  • Al Akhawayn

    ()
    (University of Pau et Pays de l'Adour)

Abstract

The objective of this paper is to investigate empirically whether there is any evidence that Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) has had a positive impact on productivity performance in Moroccan manufacturing industries. To this end a panel data set at sector level for the Moroccan manufacturing industries in the period 1987-1996 was used. Our results suggest that the foreign presence increases the domestic labour productivity. However, this relationship is a complex one and depends on absorptive capacity or technological gap (distance between foreign and indigenous firms in terms of total factor productivity). The technological gap seems to be a condition for spillovers, but only within a certain range. Our results show a significant positive effect of trade openness (exports) on the Moroccan labour productivity.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Africagrowth Institute in its journal African Finance Journal.

Volume (Year): 7 (2005)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 1-17

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Handle: RePEc:afj:journl:v:7:y:2005:i:2:p:1-17

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Related research

Keywords: Labour Productivity; Human Capital; Spillovers; Moroccan Manufacturing Industries;

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Cited by:
  1. Bouoiyour, Jamal, 2005. "Partenariat Euro-marocain et dynamique des investissements directs étrangers
    [Euro-Moroccan partnership and dynamic investment foreign direct]
    ," MPRA Paper 45992, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Tomáš Havránek & Zuzana Iršová, 2010. "Meta-Analysis of Intra-Industry FDI Spillovers: Updated Evidence," Czech Journal of Economics and Finance (Finance a uver), Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, vol. 60(2), pages 151-174, May.
  3. Alaya MAROUANE (Université of Tunis) & Dalila NICET-CHENAF (GREThA UMR CNRS 5113) & Eric ROUGIER (GREThA UMR CNRS 5113), 2008. "The law of growth and attraction: an endogenous model of absorptive capacities, FDI and income for MENA countries," Cahiers du GREThA 2008-27, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée.
  4. Dalila NICET-CHENAF (GREThA UMR CNRS 5113) & Eric ROUGIER (GREThA UMR CNRS 5113), 2009. "FDI and growth: A new look at a still puzzling issue," Cahiers du GREThA 2009-13, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée.
  5. Bouoiyour, Jamal & Hanchane, Said, 2008. "Formation professionnelle et croissance économique Quelles interactions dans les cas du Maroc et la Tunisie ?
    [Professional training and economic growth: What interactions in Morocco and Tunisia?]
    ," MPRA Paper 38222, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  6. bouoiyour, jamal, 2006. "Productivité du travail, capital humain et écart technologique dans les industries manufacturières marocaines
    [Labor productivity, human capital and technology gap in manufacturing Moroccan]
    ," MPRA Paper 37035, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  7. Baccouche, Rafik & Bouoiyour, Jamal & Hatem, M’Henni & Mouley, Sami, 2008. "Dynamique des investissements, mutations sectorielles et convertibilité du compte de capital : impacts des mesures de libéralisation et expériences comparées Tunisie - Maroc
    [Dynamics of invest
    ," MPRA Paper 38148, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  8. Dalila NICET- CHENAF (GREThA-GRES) & Eric ROUGIER (GREThA-GRES), 2008. "Recent exports matter: export discoveries, FDI and Growth, an empirical assessment for MENA countries," Cahiers du GRES 2008-17, Groupement de Recherches Economiques et Sociales.
  9. Bouoiyour, Jamal, 2004. "Foreign direct investment in Morocco," MPRA Paper 31457, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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