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A quantile approach to the demographic, residential, and socioeconomic effects on 19th-century African-American body mass index values

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  • Scott Alan Carson

    ()
    (University of Texas, Permian Basin, Austin, TX, USA)

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    Abstract

    Little research exists on the body mass index values of late 19th- and early 20th-century African-Americans. Using a new BMI data set and robust statistics, this paper demonstrates that darker complexioned black BMIs were greater than for mulattos, and a mulatto BMI advantage did not exist. Throughout the late 19th and early 20th centuries, black BMIs decreased across the BMI distribution, indicating that the 20th-century increase in black BMIs did not have its origin in the 19th century. During industrialization, black BMIs were lower in Kentucky, Missouri, and urban Philadelphia. Late 19th- and early 20th-century black BMIs were related to occupations, and farmers had heavier BMIs than workers in other occupations.

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11698-011-0069-0
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Association Française de Cliométrie (AFC) in its journal Cliometrica, Journal of Historical Economics and Econometric History.

    Volume (Year): 6 (2012)
    Issue (Month): 2 (May)
    Pages: 193-209

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    Handle: RePEc:afc:cliome:v:6:y:2012:i:2:p:193-209

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    Web page: http://www.cliometrie.org
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    Related research

    Keywords: Nineteenth-century US economic development; Body mass index; 19th-century race relations;

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