Economics and Olympics: An Efficiency Analysis
AbstractApplying stochastic frontier analysis, we estimate the importance of sports in society as technical efficiency of countries in the production of Olympic success since the 1950s. Our measures of success are medal shares and a broader concept including Olympic diplomas. Following Bernard and Busse (2004), population and GDP are used as inputs. While the impact of GDP is always positive, we show that the sign of the population effect depends on wealth and population size of a country. The results show that the spread of importance is very wide over time, across countries, gender, and sports. These differences can be seen as caused by differences in financial support, training methods, organization, or culture. Using the method proposed by Battese and Coelli (1995), we confirm the result well documented in the literature that planned economies and host countries are more successful than others in terms of Olympic success (e.g. Bernard and Busse, 2004). The method allows to shed light on important aspects of recent sport history, such as the consequences of the breakdown of the former Soviet Union.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Institute for Empirical Research in Economics - University of Zurich in its series IEW - Working Papers with number 313.
Date of creation: Jan 2007
Date of revision:
Olympic Games; Efficiency Analysis; Stochastic Frontier;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- J8 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Standards
- O47 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Measurement of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2008-02-09 (All new papers)
- NEP-EFF-2008-02-09 (Efficiency & Productivity)
- NEP-SPO-2008-02-09 (Sports & Economics)
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Blog mentionsAs found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
- Georgios Kavetsos & Stefan Szymanski, 2008.
"National Wellbeing and International Sports Events,"
Working Papers, International Association of Sports Economists;North American Association of Sports Economists
0804, International Association of Sports Economists;North American Association of Sports Economists.
- Kavetsos, Georgios & Szymanski, Stefan, 2010. "National well-being and international sports events," Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 31(2), pages 158-171, April.
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