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Methodische Ansätze zur Quantifizierung der Arbeitsplatzeffekte von Maßnahmen zur ländlichen Entwicklung

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  • Margarian, Anne
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    Abstract

    The present work discusses possible methodological approaches for the assessment of employment effects of rural development measures. A special focus is on measures of the so called integrated rural development. Methods that are considered non-appropriate are considered nevertheless. Therefore, this paper may inform more generally about possible approaches towards the assessment of policy effects. The discussion of different methods clarifies the inevitable necessity of intimate causal knowledge of measures' intervention logics in order to reliably identify employment effects. Since such a sound theoretical basis does not exist yet for the measures of integrated rural development, the demand for a reliable quantification of the measures' effectiveness and efficiency cannot yet be met. In this case, policy evaluation has to be judged as an interactive process of knowledge generation. -- In der vorliegenden Arbeit werden mögliche methodische Ansätze zur Beurteilung von Arbeitsplatzeffekten von Fördermaßnahmen für den ländlichen Raum und insbesondere der Integrierten Ländlichen Entwicklung (ILE) vorgestellt und diskutiert. Aufgenommen wurden auch Methoden, deren Eignung für diese spezifischen Bewertungen verneint wird. Aus diesem Grund ist die vorliegende Arbeit nicht nur mit Blick auf die Bewertung der ILE zu lesen, sondern kann auch über mögliche Herangehensweisen an die Bewertung anderer Maßnahmen zur Entwicklung des ländlichen Raumes informieren. Die Diskussion der verschiedenen Methoden zeigt, dass es notwendig ist, die einer Wirkung zugrunde liegenden Zusammenhänge genau zu kennen, um die tatsächliche Wirkung einer Maßnahme auf den Arbeitsmarkt zu ermitteln. Es wird gezeigt, dass eine solche ausgereifte theoretische Basis für die ILE noch nicht existiert. Der Anspruch einer belastbaren Quantifizierung von Wirksamkeit und Effizienz kann daher zum jetzigen Zeitpunkt noch nicht erfüllt werden. Die Politikbewertung stellt in diesem Fall einen interaktiven Prozess der Wissensgenerierung dar.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Johann Heinrich von Thünen Institute, Federal Research Institute for Rural Areas, Forestry and Fisheries in its series Arbeitsberichte aus der vTI-Agrarökonomie with number 10/2010.

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    Date of creation: 2010
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:vtiaba:102010

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    Web page: http://www.ti.bund.de/en/startseite/home.html
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    Related research

    Keywords: evaluation; causal analysis; rural development measures; employment; Evaluation; Wirkungsanalyse; Politik für den ländlichen Raum; Arbeitsplatzeffekte;

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    1. Gusztav Nemes, 2005. "Integrated rural development - The concept and its operation," IEHAS Discussion Papers 0506, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
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