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Exploring the Spatial Dimensions of Rural Development Models in Malaysia 1957-2007

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  • L. J. Fredericks

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    (The Centre for Poverty and Development Studies (CPDS) Faculty of Economics and Administration University of Malaya)

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    Abstract

    Malaysia, a relatively small country, gained independence from Britain in 1957 and the government began an economic re-structuring process to become a developed country. The initial rural development push to rectify the colonial policy of benign neglect of the Malay, rural, peasant sector rested on the urban industrial growth models in neo-classical growth theory. Integrated rural development was the second approach, conceptually fuzzy and diffuse. Broader policy formulations followed anchored on multiple policy interventions approximately focused on rural poverty. Within these interventions, the notions of geography, space, place and territory – the spatial dimensions – in rural development gradually emerged via the regional development area and growth pole approaches. Regional growth corridors (an extension of the agropolitan model) reflecting a deepening sensitivity to territorial, population and global dynamics are the current policy instruments. These rural development processes and their spatial dynamics in post-independent Malaysia are explored in this paper.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Faculty of Economics and Administration, University of Malaya in its journal International Journal of Institutions and Economies.

    Volume (Year): 4 (2012)
    Issue (Month): 1 (April)
    Pages: 47-62

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    Handle: RePEc:umk:journl:v:4:y:2012:i:1:p:47-62

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    Keywords: Malay; Malaysia; models; poverty; regional development; rural development; spatial;

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    1. Philip Kostov & John Lingard, 2004. "Integrated rural development - do we need a new approach?," Others 0409006, EconWPA.
    2. Mansuri, Ghazala & Rao, Vijayendra, 2004. "Community-based (and driven) development : A critical review," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3209, The World Bank.
    3. Gusztav Nemes, 2005. "Integrated rural development - The concept and its operation," IEHAS Discussion Papers 0506, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
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