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Betriebsspezifisches Humanvermögen


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  • Farhauer, Oliver
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    Viele Erklärungsmuster der Arbeitslosigkeit sind unbefriedigend, weil das Verhalten der Arbeitsnachfrageseite in Bezug auf ihre Motivation der Arbeitsplatzschaffung und ihrer hierarchisch- organisierten Struktur unzureichend in die Betrachtungsweise einbezogen werden, wodurch die Unternehmung häufig als sog. Black-Box auftritt. Dieser Aufsatz versucht, diese Schwäche auszugleichen, indem die Ergebnisse gängiger Arbeitmarkttheorien mit den Schlussfolgerungen der Unternehmungstheorie von Williamson vergleicht und daraus eine Anreizschwäche auf dem Arbeitsmarkt identifiziert, die spieltheoretisch fundiert wird. Im Anschluss daran wird ein geeignetes wirtschaftspolitisches Instrumentarium beschrieben, das diesen Mangel verringern kann. -- Many explanations for unemployment are unsatisfactory because the behaviour of the demand- side of labour regarding their impact on job creation is hardly considered. Furthermore, their hierarchically-organized structure is reflected insufficiently in the approach, whereby the enterprise often appears to be a black box. This paper tries to compensate this weakness by comparing the results of current labour-market theories with the conclusions of the firm explanation of Williamson and identifies a shortage of incentives on the labour market from it, which is undermined by a game-theoretical model. In the following, suitable economic instruments which are able to cut down this deficiency are described.

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    Paper provided by Technische Universität Berlin, School of Economics and Management in its series Discussion Papers with number 2002/2.

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    Date of creation: 2002
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:tubsem:20022

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    1. Hicks, John R, 1974. "Capital Controversies: Ancient and Modern," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 64(2), pages 307-16, May.
    2. J. Michael Orszag & Dennis J. Snower, 1996. "A Macro Theory of Employment Vouchers," Archive Discussion Papers 9605, Birkbeck, Department of Economics, Mathematics & Statistics.
    3. Daron Acemoglu, 2000. "Credit Market Imperfections and Persistent Unemployment," NBER Working Papers 7938, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Zimmermann, Klaus F. & Burda, Michael C. & Konrad, Kai A. & Schneider, Friedrich & Schneider, Hilmar & von Hagen, Jürgen & Wagner, Gert G., 2009. "Petersberger Erklärung," IZA Standpunkte 1, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    5. Askildsen, Jan Erik & Ireland, Norman J, 1993. "Human Capital, Property Rights, and Labour Managed Firms," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 45(2), pages 229-42, April.
    6. Siebert, Horst & Klodt, Henning, 1991. "Qualifizierungsgutscheine : Eintrittskarten in den Arbeitsmarkt," Kiel Discussion Papers 175, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
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