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Unemployment and finance: how do financial and labour market factors interact?

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  • Donatella Gatti

    (CEPN - Centre d'économie de l'Université de Paris Nord - CNRS : UMR7115 - Université Paris XIII - Paris Nord, IZA - Institute for the Study of Labor, PSE - Paris-Jourdan Sciences Economiques - CNRS : UMR8545 - École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales [EHESS] - Ecole des Ponts ParisTech - Ecole normale supérieure de Paris - ENS Paris, EEP-PSE - Ecole d'Économie de Paris - Paris School of Economics - Ecole d'Économie de Paris, CEPREMAP - Centre pour la recherche économique et ses applications - CEPREMAP)

  • Anne-Gaël Vaubourg

    ()
    (LEO - Laboratoire d'économie d'Orleans - CNRS : UMR6221 - Université d'Orléans)

Abstract

Using data for 18 OECD countries over the period 1980-2004, we investigate how labour and financial factors interact to determine unemployment. We show that the impact of financial variables depends strongly on the labour market context. Increased market capitalization as well as decreased banking concentration reduce unemployment if the level of labour market regulation, union density and coordination in wage bargaining is low. The above financial variables have no effect otherwise. Increasing intermediated credit worsens unemployment when the labour market is weakly regulated and coordinated, whereas it reduces unemployment otherwise. These results suggest that the respective virtues of bank-based and market-based finance are crucially tied to the strength of labour regulation.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series CEPN Working Papers with number halshs-00566792.

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Date of creation: Mar 2009
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Handle: RePEc:hal:cepnwp:halshs-00566792

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Keywords: unemployment ; institutional complementarities and substituabilities ; labour market ; financial system;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Ekrame BOUBTANE & Dramane COULIBALY & C. Rault, 2013. "Immigration, growth and unemployment: Panel VAR evidence from OECD countries," Working Papers halshs-00827002, HAL.
  2. Nicolas Dromel & Elie Kolakez & Etienne Lehmann, 2009. "Credit Constraints and the Persistence of Unemployment," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00389762, HAL.
  3. Thibault Darcillon, 2011. "Political Partisanship and Financial Reforms in Advanced Countries," Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne 11063, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne.
  4. Donatella Gatti & Anne-Gael Vaubourg, 2010. "Credit and Unemployment: Do Institutions Matter?," CESifo Forum, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 11(1), pages 37-43, 04.
  5. Thibault Darcillon, 2012. "Do Interactions between Finance and Labor Market Institutions Affect Wage Distribution ?," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00768908, HAL.
  6. repec:hal:journl:halshs-00639840 is not listed on IDEAS
  7. Thibault Darcillon, 2011. "Political Partisanship and Financial Reforms in Advanced Countries," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00639840, HAL.
  8. Sachs, Andreas, 2011. "Institutions and unemployment: Do interactions matter?," ZEW Discussion Papers 11-057, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  9. Thibault Darcillon, 2012. "Do Interactions between Finance and Labor Market Institutions Affect Wage Distribution?," Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne 12089, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne.
  10. Tito Boeri & Pietro Garibaldi & Espen R. Moen, 2012. "The Labor Market Consequences of Adverse Financial Shocks," Working Papers 451, IGIER (Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research), Bocconi University.
  11. Nicolas Dromel & Elie Kolakez & Etienne Lehmann, 2009. "Credit Constraints and the Persistence of Unemployment," Post-Print halshs-00389762, HAL.
  12. C. Giannetti & M. Madia & L. Moretti, 2013. "Job Insecurity and Financial Distress," Working Papers wp887, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.

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