Nanotechnology as general purpose technology
AbstractScientific literature postulates that nanotechnology is to be considered as general purpose technology (GPT), characterized by pervasiveness, high technological dynamism and the inducement of innovations within a variety of applications. We set out to not only further systematize existing approaches investigating nanotechnology's GPT traits based on patent applications, but to extend the analysis to academic publication data, in order to cover both knowledge creation and application development. By utilizing well established and consolidated indicators of GPT features, such as generality, diffusion, and forward citation rates, as well as contextualized technological coherence as a new weighted generality measure, we compare nanotechnology's research output to the ones of ICT as accepted GPT and of the combustion engine as a non- GPT, representing an upper and lower benchmark, respectively. Moreover, we add the EU27 as new institutional setting. Our results indicate that while nanotechnology is not as clearly perceptible a GPT as ICT is, the potential to develop as such and hence to become an 'engine of growth' is clearly given. --
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Department of Economics and Business Engineering in its series Working Paper Series in Economics with number 53.
Date of creation: 2014
Date of revision:
general purpose technology; nanotechnology; patents; publications; generality; technological coherence;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- O33 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
- O30 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General
- O34 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Intellectual Property and Intellectual Capital
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