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Zur Entwicklung von E-Learning an bayerischen Fachhochschulen: Auf dem Weg zum nachhaltigen Einsatz?


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  • Popp, Heribert
  • Renninger, Wolfgang
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    Die Fachhochschulen in Bayern können auf eine über 35jährige Erfolgsgeschichte zurückblicken. Gegründet 1971 wurden bis heute 17 staatliche und 8 nichtstaatliche Fachhochschulen errichtet, die über 70% aller Ingenieure und mehr als die Hälfte aller Betriebswirte ausbilden. Als Ende der 90iger Jahre eine allgemeine E-Learning-Euphorie an den deutschen Hochschulen einsetzte, waren auch die bayerischen Fachhochschulen mit zahlreichen Initiativen vertreten. So wurde z.B. das Programm MeiLe (Multimedia in der Lehre) ins Leben gerufen mit der Zielsetzung, mit Hilfe von E-Learning Wettbewerbsvorteile im Bildungsmarkt zu erreichen. Nach einer allgemeinen Phase der Ernüchterung, wie es für Technologie getriebene Felder typisch ist, besteht heute weitgehend Konsens über mögliche Einsatzpotentiale von E-Learning. Anhand eines Bezugsrahmens wird der Frage nachgegangen, inwieweit die heutigen Lösungen auch den nachhaltigen Einsatz von E-Learning sicherstellen. Dabei stellt sich heraus, dass E-Learning offenbar noch lange nicht zur Alltäglichkeit gefunden hat. Die allerorts zu erkennenden Ansätze und die offensichtliche Aufmerksamkeit des Ministeriums in Bezug auf E-Learning lassen allerdings erwarten, dass in den kommenden Jahren ein deutlicher Entwicklungsschub einsetzen könnte. Am Beispiel der Fachhochschule Deggendorf wird schließlich die strategische Einbindung von E-Learning aufgezeigt. -- Universities of applied sciences in Bavaria can look back on a more than 35-years success story. Founded in 1971, 17 state-run and 8 non-state-run universities of applied sciences have been established, which educate more than 70 % of all engineers and more than half of all business graduates. At the end of the 90s, as a general e-learning euphoria began at Germany universities, also the Bavarian universities of applied sciences were represented with numerous initiatives. E.g. the programme MeiLe (multimedia in teaching) was launched with the goal to achieve competitive advantages with elearning in the sector of education. After a general phase of disillusionment, as it is typical for technology-driven fields, today there exists a widespread consensus about possible potentials of use for elearning. On the basis of a framework the question is pursued to what extent today's solutions also assure sustained success. It turns out that e-learning obviously has not found its everyday place yet. The everywhere perceived approaches and the apparent attractiveness to the ministry in terms of elearning has been a long time in coming that in upcoming years a distinct development spurt could begin. By the example of the university of applied sciences Deggendorf, the strategic integration of elearning is ultimately presented.

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    Paper provided by University of Applied Sciences Amberg-Weiden (OTH) in its series OTH im Dialog: Weidener Diskussionspapiere with number 9.

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    Date of creation: 2008
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:hawdps:9

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    Keywords: E-Learning; LMS; Hype-Cycle; Nachhaltigkeit; IT-Strategie;

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