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Cooperacion y competencia: algunas lecciones del caso argentino

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  • Viego Valentina

    (UNSUR)

Abstract

La interacción virtuosa entre cooperación y competencia ha sido destacada en la literatura reciente sobre desarrollo localizado. Esencialmente, la colaboración permite superar obstáculos (tecnológicos, logísticos, de escala, etc.) que individualmente las firmas no son capaces de vencer mientras que la competencia introduce el estímulo necesario para que las empresas se vean impulsadas a innovar en forma continua. La literatura sobre las experiencias que exhiben dicha combinación en las regiones desarrolladas o de industrialización reciente destaca su rol impulsor en los procesos de desarrollo local. Sin embargo, al pasar a ámbitos de menor desarrollo industrial, los resultados son menos contundentes. Las razones se basan en dos factores: por un lado, la mayor debilidad de los lazos entre empresas y, por ende, el escaso impacto que las conductas colectivas tienen sobre el desempeño de los aparatos productivos. Por otro lado, aún cuando la cooperación alcanza cierta magnitud entre las firmas, presenta algunas peculiaridades que afectan, a su vez, a su capacidad de contribuir al despegue de un territorio. En este trabajo se ofrece un estudio de caso de una región de tamaño intermedio de Argentina donde ambos elementos (debilidad más especificidad) se hacen presentes. El aporte aquí consiste en ofrecer algunas explicaciones microeconómicas útiles para comprender la ausencia y/o debilidad de conductas colectivas en territorios económicamente rezagados.

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File URL: http://128.118.178.162/eps/io/papers/0511/0511007.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by EconWPA in its series Industrial Organization with number 0511007.

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Length: 38 pages
Date of creation: 15 Nov 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpio:0511007

Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 38. Presented at the XVI Annual Meeting of the Asociacion de Economia Aplicada (ASEPELT, Spain). June 2004.
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Web page: http://128.118.178.162

Related research

Keywords: cooperation; competition; barriers to internal trade;

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