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Future Population and Education Trends in the Countries of North Africa

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  • H.M. Yousif
  • A. Goujon
  • W. Lutz
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    Abstract

    The report provides a concise and comprehensive review of available data on past demographic trends in the region and combines this analysis with expert opinion on alternative future demographic trends (as described in Lutz, 1996) to calculate likely ranges of future population growth. A very important and innovative feature of this study is that it explicitly includes the educational status of the population in its projections. This is done by multistate population projections, a method that largely originated at IIASA. Educational projections are an important task in themselves because education, as the major component of human capital, is a key factor in national development and in society's ability to cope with arising problems. But the projection of education is also particularly suitable for the demographic cohort-component method because it is the past and the present school enrollment of the young cohorts that largely determines the future educational composition of the population. It turns out that, due to the large educational fertility differentials and the inter-cohort differences in education in the countries of North Africa, an explicit inclusion of education in projections makes the population projections more accurate. The study is not only relevant for the North African region and its neighbors; it also demonstrates that generally it is feasible and very useful to explicitly include education in population projections.

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    File URL: http://www.iiasa.ac.at/Publications/Documents/RR-96-011.pdf
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    File URL: http://www.iiasa.ac.at/Publications/Documents/RR-96-011.ps
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis in its series Working Papers with number rr96011.

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    Date of creation: Sep 1996
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    Handle: RePEc:wop:iasawp:rr96011

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    Cited by:
    1. A. Goujon, 1997. "Population and Education Prospects in the Western Mediterranean Region (Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip)," Working Papers ir97046, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis.
    2. A. Goujon & A.B. Wils, 1996. "The Importance of Education in Future Population. Global Trends and Case Studies on Cape Verde, Sudan, and Tunisia," Working Papers wp96138, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis.
    3. W. Lutz, 1996. "Challenges for Studying Population-Environment Interactions in the Arab Region," Working Papers wp96100, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis.
    4. Y. Xu, 2000. "Forecasting Labor Supply in Urban China: Integrating Demographic Dynamics and Socioeconomic Transition," Working Papers ir00011, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis.
    5. G-Y. Cao, 2000. "The Future Population of China: Prospects to 2045 by Place of Residence and by Level of Education," Working Papers ir00026, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis.

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