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The changing role of the regions in German technology policy

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  • Dohse, Dirk

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Abstract

German technology policy has undergone a particularly remarkable change in recent years. Traditionally, the reference units of German technology policy were single firms, technologies or sectors. Since the mid-90`s the German Federal Government has discovered the region as a new reference unit for technology policy. Policy instruments such as the 'Bioregio contest', the 'City Contest Multimedia' or the 'Competition of Nanotechnology Competence Centers' have drawn a lot of attention nationally as well as internationally. In contrast to these early instruments that were restricted to single technologies, the newly established 'InnoRegio contest' encompasses different fields of technology but is geographically restricted to east Germany. The current paper analyses the two prototype models of the new region-oriented technology policy, namely the BioRegio contest and the InnoRegio contest as well as the most recent initiative 'Regional Innovative Growth Cores' which may be seen as a combination of the two prototype models. The aim is to elaborate strengths and weaknesses of region oriented technology policy in general and to make suggestions for it's advancement. Key words: Technology Policy, Regions, Competitiveness, Economic Geography, Clusters Jel-Classification: L52, O30, R11, R50.

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Paper provided by European Regional Science Association in its series ERSA conference papers with number ersa02p023.

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Date of creation: Aug 2002
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Handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa02p023

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  1. von Hayek, Friedrich August, 1974. "The Pretence of Knowledge," Nobel Prize in Economics documents, Nobel Prize Committee 1974-2, Nobel Prize Committee.
  2. R Sternberg, 1995. "Supporting peripheral economies or industrial policy in favour of national growth? An empirically based analysis of goal achievement of the Japanese 'Technopolis' Program," Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, Pion Ltd, London, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 13(4), pages 425-439, August.
  3. Cooke, Philip & Gomez Uranga, Mikel & Etxebarria, Goio, 1997. "Regional innovation systems: Institutional and organisational dimensions," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 26(4-5), pages 475-491, December.
  4. Jaffe, A.B. & Trajtenberg, M., 1992. "Geographic Localization of Knowledge Spillovers as Evidenced by Patent Citations," Papers, Tel Aviv 14-92, Tel Aviv.
  5. Baptista, Rui, 2000. "Do innovations diffuse faster within geographical clusters?," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 18(3), pages 515-535, April.
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    • Glaeser, Edward Ludwig & Kallal, Hedi D. & Scheinkman, Jose A. & Shleifer, Andrei, 1992. "Growth in Cities," Scholarly Articles 3451309, Harvard University Department of Economics.
    • Edward L. Glaeser & Hedi D. Kallal & Jose A. Scheinkman & Andrei Shleifer, 1991. "Growth in Cities," NBER Working Papers 3787, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Dohse, Dirk, 2000. "Regionen als Innovationsmotoren: zur Neuorientierung in der deutschen Technologiepolitik," Kiel Discussion Papers, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW) 366, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
  8. Sternberg, Rolf G., 1996. "Government R & D expenditure and space: empirical evidence from five industrialized countries," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 25(5), pages 741-758, August.
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