External shocks, fiscal policy and income distribution : alternative scenarios for Moldova
AbstractThe economy of Moldova, which has one of the lowest levels of gross national income per capita in the World Bank Europe and Central Asia region, is strongly linked to the outside world, especially to the neighboring countries of the European Union and the Commonwealth of Independent States. This paper analyzes a set of scenarios for Moldova up to 2020, defined to shed light on issues related to an alternative future dominated by goods and services exports as opposed to today's reliance on worker remittances. The analysis is based on a Moldovan version of MAMS (Maquette for Millennium Development Goal Simulations), a CGE (Computable General Equilibrium) model for country strategy analysis. In sum, the impact of increased export demand and productivity growth is more positive when these shocks are directed to manufacturing, a sector more heavily linked to international trade, compared with agriculture. Increased productivity in transport and communications generates faster growth with widely diffused benefits, reaching households in a relatively equitable manner compared with foreign trade-induced growth. A comparison between adverse shocks in two areas, higher energy import prices, and lower remittances, designed to have similar effects on gross domestic product, suggests that a remittance shock leads to less of a poverty increase, related to the fact that remittance-receiving households are not highly vulnerable; among sectors, agriculture is most vulnerable due to heavy energy reliance. Finally, well-targeted transfer schemes may offer an effective tool for diffusing the benefits of economic growth to the whole population, perhaps also contributing to more general acceptance of structural change.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 6365.
Date of creation: 01 Feb 2013
Date of revision:
Economic Theory&Research; Debt Markets; Emerging Markets; Labor Policies; Currencies and Exchange Rates;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2013-03-02 (All new papers)
- NEP-CMP-2013-03-02 (Computational Economics)
- NEP-DEV-2013-03-02 (Development)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- International Monetary Fund, 2010. "Republic of Moldova," IMF Staff Country Reports 10/232, International Monetary Fund.
- International Monetary Fund, 2008. "Republic of Moldova," IMF Staff Country Reports 08/134, International Monetary Fund.
- International Monetary Fund. European Dept., 2012. "Republic of Moldova," IMF Staff Country Reports 12/289, International Monetary Fund.
- International Monetary Fund, 2008. "Republic of Moldova," IMF Staff Country Reports 08/132, International Monetary Fund.
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