Implications for climate-change policy of research on cooperation in social dilemmas
AbstractThe problem of climate change seems to be a tragedy of the commons: despite the global benefits of reducing green-house gas emissions, no individual has any incentive to reduce his or her own emissions. Yet many people are making efforts to reduce emissions and putting pressure on businesses and governments to do the same. Although the size of these efforts is unclear, their very existence might seem puzzling. The efforts are consistent, however, with some theoretical and empirical evidence about the extent of cooperation in other social dilemmas. This evidence does not imply that greenhouse-gas emissions will be reduced to desirable levels, but it does suggest that the potential for voluntary cooperation should not be ignored. It also suggests that cooperation can be promoted by (i) allowing cooperators to punish defectors without withdrawing their own cooperation; (ii) publicly emphasizing the social benefits and extent of cooperation and the social norms that require it; and (iii) improving the quantity and timeliness of public information about cooperation and defection.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 5006.
Date of creation: 01 Jul 2009
Date of revision:
Climate Change Mitigation and Green House Gases; Climate Change Economics; Common Property Resource Development; Transport and Environment; Health Systems Development&Reform;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2009-08-02 (All new papers)
- NEP-ENE-2009-08-02 (Energy Economics)
- NEP-ENV-2009-08-02 (Environmental Economics)
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