Poverty and income seasonality in Bangladesh
AbstractSeasonal poverty in Bangladesh, locally known as monga, refers to seasonal deprivation of food during the pre-harvest season of Aman rice. An analysis of household income and expenditure survey data shows that average household income and consumption are much lower during monga season than in other seasons, and that seasonal income greatly influences seasonal consumption. However, lack of income and consumption smoothing is more acute in greater Rangpur, the North West region, than in other regions, causing widespread seasonal deprivation. The analysis shows that agricultural income diversification accompanied by better access to micro-credit, irrigation, education, electrification, social safety net programs, and dynamic labor markets has helped reduce seasonality in income and poverty in regions other than Rangpur in the recent past. Hence, government policies should promote income diversification through infrastructure investments and provide income transfers to the targeted poor to contain income seasonality and poverty in this impoverished part of Bangladesh.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 4923.
Date of creation: 01 Apr 2009
Date of revision:
Rural Poverty Reduction; Safety Nets and Transfers; Economic Theory&Research; Inequality;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-AGR-2009-05-16 (Agricultural Economics)
- NEP-ALL-2009-05-16 (All new papers)
- NEP-DEV-2009-05-16 (Development)
- NEP-MFD-2009-05-16 (Microfinance)
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- Khandker, Shahidur R., 2012. "Seasonality of income and poverty in Bangladesh," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 97(2), pages 244-256.
- Gangopadhyay, Partha & Shankar, Sriram & Rahman, Mustafa A., 2014. "Working poverty, social exclusion and destitution: An empirical study," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 241-250.
- Neela Mukherjee, 2010. "New Agriculture Technology, Skill Formation, Food Security and Poverty Reduction in Rural Asia: A Comparison of Three Projects from India, China and Bangladesh," Working Papers id:3098, eSocialSciences.
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