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The economic impact of climate change on agriculture in Cameroon

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Author Info

  • Molua, Ernest L.
  • Lambi, Cornelius M.

Abstract

This study examines the impact of climate change on crop farming in Cameroon. The country's economy is predominantly agrarian and agriculture and the exploitation of natural resources remain the driving force for the country's economic development. Fluctuations in national income are due not merely to the decline in world demand for Cameroon's traditional agricultural exports or to mistakes in economic policy making, but also to the vagaries of the weather. Based on a farm-level survey of more than 800 farms, the study employs a Ricardian cross-sectional approach to measure the relationship between climate and the net revenue from crops. Net revenue is regressed on climate, water flow, soil, and economic variables. Further, uniform scenarios assume that only one aspect of climate changes and the change is uniform across the whole country. The analysis finds that net revenues fall as precipitation decreases or temperatures increase across all the surveyed farms. The study reaffirms that agriculture in Cameroon is often limited by seasonality and the availability of moisture. Although other physical factors, such as soil and relief, have an important influence on agriculture, climate remains the dominant influence on the variety of crops cultivated and the types of agriculture practiced.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 4364.

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Date of creation: 01 Sep 2007
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:4364

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Related research

Keywords: Climate Change; Environmental Economics&Policies; Global Environment Facility; Common Property Resource Development; Economic Theory&Research;

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Cited by:
  1. Genesis Yengoh & Augustin Tchuinte & Frederick Armah & Justice Odoi, 2010. "Impact of prolonged rainy seasons on food crop production in Cameroon," Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Springer, vol. 15(8), pages 825-841, December.
  2. Pangapanga, Phiriinnocent & Thangalimodzi, Lucy Tembo, 2012. "Participation in pro poor agro based enterprises in Malawi: do households’ poverty levels change automatically?," MPRA Paper 39446, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Genesis T. Yengoh & Frederick Ato Armah & Edward Ebo Onumah, 2010. "Paths to Attaining Food Security: The Case of Cameroon," Challenges, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 1(1), pages 5-26, August.
  4. Mekou Bele & Olufunso Somorin & Denis Sonwa & Johnson Nkem & Bruno Locatelli, 2011. "Forests and climate change adaptation policies in Cameroon," Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Springer, vol. 16(3), pages 369-385, March.
  5. Ajetomobi, Joshua Olusegun & Abidun, Ajiboye & Hassan, Rashid M., 2010. "Economic Impact of Climate Change on Irrigated Rice Agriculture in Nigeria," 2010 AAAE Third Conference/AEASA 48th Conference, September 19-23, 2010, Cape Town, South Africa 95778, African Association of Agricultural Economists (AAAE) & Agricultural Economics Association of South Africa (AEASA).
  6. Coretha Komba & Edwin Muchapondwa, 2012. "Adaptation to Climate Change by Smallholder Farmers in Tanzania," Working Papers 299, Economic Research Southern Africa.
  7. Genesis T. Yengoh, 2012. "Climate and Food Production: Understanding Vulnerability from Past Trends in Africa’s Sudan-Sahel," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 5(1), pages 52-71, December.
  8. Witt, Rudolf & Waibel, Hermann, 2009. "Climate Risk And Farming Systems In Rural Cameroon," Diskussionspapiere der Wirtschaftswissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Leibniz Universität Hannover dp-423, Leibniz Universität Hannover, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät.

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