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Gender wage differentials in Brazil : trends over a turbulent era

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  • G. Reza Arabsheibani
  • Francisco Galrao Carneiro
  • Andrew Henley

Abstract

Since the late 1980s, macroeconomic and trade reform in Brazil appears to have been accompanied by a substantial improvement in the position of women compared with men in the labor market, despite only modest changes to labor market institutions. The authors examine movements in the gender wage gap from 1988 to 1998. Their findings indicate that, over this period, the gender wage gap fell mainly because of reduced discrimination against women. But the authors find evidence to suggest that, more recently, since the elimination of high inflation, human capital investments and other earnings-related enhancements have begun to improve women's condition.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 3148.

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Date of creation: 01 Oct 2003
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:3148

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Related research

Keywords: Public Health Promotion; Anthropology; Health Monitoring&Evaluation; Gender and Development; Population&Development; Anthropology; Agricultural Knowledge&Information Systems; Environmental Economics&Policies; Health Monitoring&Evaluation; Population&Development;

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Cited by:
  1. Seguino, Stephanie & Grown, Caren, 2006. "Gender equity and globalization: Macroeconomic policy for developing countries," MPRA Paper 6540, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Rendall, Michelle, 2013. "Structural Change in Developing Countries: Has it Decreased Gender Inequality?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 1-16.
  3. Luana Marquez Garcia & Hugo Nopo & Paola Salardi, 2009. "Gender and Racial Wage Gaps in Brazil 1996-2006: Evidence Using a Matching Comparisons Approach," Research Department Publications 4626, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  4. Nopo, Hugo & Atal, Juan Pablo & Winder, Natalia, 2010. "New Century, Old Disparities: Gender and Ethnic Wage Gaps in Latin America," IZA Discussion Papers 5085, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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