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Sex workers and the cost of safe sex - the compensating differential for condom use in Calcutta

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Author Info

  • Rao, Vijayendra
  • Gupta, Indrani
  • Jana, Smarajit

Abstract

The practice of safe sex by commercial sex workers is considered central to preventing the transmission of AIDS in developing countries. The authors estimate the compensating differential for condom use among sex workers in Calcutta, based on results from a survey conducted in 1993. If, as suggested by anecdotal evidence, this loss in income is large, it would indicate the existence of strong disincentives for practicing safe sex. To identify the relationship between condom use and the average price per sex act, they follow an instrumental variable approach, exploiting an intervention program focused on providing information about the AIDS virus and about safe sex practices. The program, instituted in 1992, was not systematically administered. Using this method, they found that sex workers who always use condoms face a loss of 79 percent in the average earnings per sex act.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 2334.

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Date of creation: 31 May 2000
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:2334

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Related research

Keywords: Gender and Health; Adolescent Health; Health Monitoring&Evaluation; Reproductive Health; HIV AIDS;

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Cited by:
  1. Bamberger, Michael & Rao, Vijayendra & Woolcock, Michael, 2010. "Using mixed methods in monitoring and evaluation : experiences from international development," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5245, The World Bank.
  2. Garima Malik, 2006. "An Examination of the Relationship between Health and Economic Growth," Macroeconomics Working Papers 22173, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
  3. Della Giusta, Marina & Di Tommaso, Maria Laura & Strøm, Steinar, 2005. "Who’s watching? The market for prostitution services," Memorandum 27/2005, Oslo University, Department of Economics.
  4. Marina Della Giusta, 2010. "Simulating the impact of regulation changes on the market for prostitution services," European Journal of Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 29(1), pages 1-14, February.

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