The productivity effects of decentralized reforms - an analysis of the Chinese industrial reforms
AbstractThe empirical literature on the effects of ownership has not distinguished between the effects of ownership and the effects of control. It has also generally ignored the dynamic effects of various ownership and control rights. Using a rich set of panel data about changes in China's state-owned enterprises, the author examines the static and dynamic effects of decentralizing ownership and control rights. He finds that productivity and growth rates improved significantly when reform improved the incentives for managers and employees to learn and to work hard - for example by decentralizing the rights to control wages, make production decisions, and appoint new managers. Increasing profit-retention rates and adopting performance contracts - conventionally viewed as the most important reforms for China's state enterprises - did not improve productivity much. Overall, decentralization accounted for a least 42 percent of productivity growth in Chinese state enterprises in the 1980s. Much of that gain came from improvements in the growth rate of productivity rather than in improved levels of productivity.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 1723.
Date of creation: 28 Feb 1997
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Labor Policies; Economic Theory&Research; Environmental Economics&Policies; Banks&Banking Reform; Public Health Promotion; Economic Theory&Research; Environmental Economics&Policies; Banks&Banking Reform; Health Monitoring&Evaluation; Municipal Financial Management;
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- Arvind Virmani, 2006. "ChinaÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s Socialist Market Economy - Lessons Of Success," Macroeconomics Working Papers 22274, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
- Arvind Virmani, 2009. "Chinaâ€™s Socialist Market Economy: Lessons for Democratic Developing Countries," Working Papers id:1899, eSocialSciences.
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