Gains from Trade: Implications for Labour Market Adjustment and Poverty Reduction in Africa
AbstractThis paper reassesses the gains from trade for sub-Saharan Africa, and draws their implications for labour market adjustment and poverty reduction. It reviews previous studies on multilateral liberalization, focusing on the findings from computable general equilibrium (CGE) models with relevance to African economies. The implications of these findings for poverty reduction are discussed. Our own CGE exercise supports the hypothesis that African countries cannot expect substantial gains from further multilateral liberalization. Moreover, given the sharp contraction of import-competing sectors in response to trade liberalization in many African economies, coupled with insufficient compensation through labour market adjustments in other sectors, this study suggests that the ultimate impact on poverty reduction is likely to be small or even negative.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER) in its series Working Paper Series with number UNU-WIDER Research Paper RP2007/65.
Length: 26 pages
Date of creation: 2007
Date of revision:
trade; openness; liberalization; poverty reduction;
Other versions of this item:
- Augustin Fosu & Andrew Mold, 2008. "Gains from Trade: Implications for Labour Market Adjustment and Poverty Reduction in Africa," African Development Review, African Development Bank, vol. 20(1), pages 20-47.
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- Pamela Coke Hamilton & Yvonne Tsikata & Emmanuel Pinto Moreira, 2009. "Accelerating Trade and Integration in the Caribbean : Policy Options for Sustained Growth, Job Creation, and Poverty Reduction," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 2652.
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