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High-speed rail and air transport competition in Western Europe: A supply-oriented perspective

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  • Frédéric Dobruszkes
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    Abstract

    Increasingly air transport growth raises the question of its impact on the environment. Public authorities and researchers are relying more and more on high-speed trains (HSTs), whose efficiency is supposed to lead to a modal shift from airplanes. However, most transport studies focus on the evolution of demand rather than supply, although it is basically the latter that determines environmental damage. In light of this fact, this paper aims to compare the overall dynamics in the supply of air transport in Europe compared to the HST supply and to examine empirically five city-pairs. The development of high-speed rail remains limited compared to the increase of air services. For a given city-pair, the decline in the number of flights depends on various conditions, including length of the HST journey and the strategies adopted by the airlines. Some carriers reduce their supply in terms of the number of seats but increase the number of flights in order to compete more effectively with the HSTs. Moreover, the competition between low-cost airlines and HSTs should be kept in mind and re-examined in a few years.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles in its series ULB Institutional Repository with number 2013/96164.

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    Date of creation: 2011
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    Publication status: Published in: Transport policy (2011) v.18 n° 6,p.870-879
    Handle: RePEc:ulb:ulbeco:2013/96164

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    Related research

    Keywords: High-speed train; High-speed rail; Air transport; Intermodal comp;

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    Cited by:
    1. Albers, Sascha & Heuermann, Caroline, 2012. "Competitive dynamics across industries: An analysis of inter-industry competition in German passenger transportation," Working Paper Series 109, University of Cologne, Department of Business Policy and Logistics.
    2. Clewlow, Regina R. & Sussman, Joseph M. & Balakrishnan, Hamsa, 2014. "The impact of high-speed rail and low-cost carriers on European air passenger traffic," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 136-143.
    3. Pellegrini, Paola & Rodriguez, Joaquin, 2013. "Single European Sky and Single European Railway Area: A system level analysis of air and rail transportation," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 64-86.
    4. Yang, Hangjun & Zhang, Anming, 2012. "Effects of high-speed rail and air transport competition on prices, profits and welfare," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 46(10), pages 1322-1333.

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