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Multi-dimensional Deprivation in Ireland Among 9-Year Olds in Ireland: An Analysis of the Growing Up in Ireland Survey

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Author Info

  • James Williams

    (Economics and Social Research Institute, Dublin)

  • Aisling Murray

    (Economics and Social Research Institute, Dublin)

  • Christopher Whelan

    (School of Sociology and Social Policy, Queen’s University, UCD Geary Institute and School of Sociology, University College Dublin)

Abstract

In this paper we make use of the 9-year old wave of the Growing Up in Ireland study to analyse multidimensional deprivation in Ireland. The Alkire and Foster adjusted head count ratio approach (AHCR; 2007, 2011a, 2011b) applied here constitutes a significant improvement on union and intersection approaches and allows for the decomposition of multidimensional poverty in terms of dimensions and sub-groups. The approach involves a censoring of data such that deprivations count only for those above the specified multidimensional threshold leading to a stronger set of interrelationships between deprivation dimensions. Our analysis shows that the composition of the adjusted head ratio is influenced by a range of socio-economic factors. For less-favoured socio-economic groups dimensions relating to material deprivation are disproportionately represented while for the more advantaged groups, those relating to behavioral and emotional issues and social interaction play a greater role. Notwithstanding such variation in composition, our analysis showed that the AHCR varied systematically across categories of household type, and the social class, education and age group of the primary care giver. Furthermore, these variables combined in a cumulative manner. The most systematic variation was in relation to the head count of those above the multidimensional threshold rather than intensity, conditional on being above that cut-off point. Without seeking to arbitrate on the relative value of composite indices versus disaggregated profiles, our analysis demonstrates that there is much to be gained from adopting an approach with clearly understood axiomatic properties. Doing so allows one to evaluate the consequences of the measurement strategy employed for the understanding of levels of multidimensional deprivation, the nature of such deprivation profiles and socio-economic risk patterns. Ultimately it permits an informed assessment of the strengths and weaknesses of the particular choices made.

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File URL: http://www.ucd.ie/geary/static/publications/workingpapers/gearywp201305.pdf
File Function: First version, 2013
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Geary Institute, University College Dublin in its series Working Papers with number 201305.

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Length: 31 pages
Date of creation: 12 Apr 2013
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ucd:wpaper:201305

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Keywords: Multidimensional poverty; decomposition of poverty; deprivation; composite poverty indices; childhood well-being; well-being indicators;

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  1. Sinéad Hanafin & Anne-Marie Brooks & Ed Carroll & Eithne Fitzgerald & Saoirse GaBhainn & Jane Sixsmith, 2007. "Achieving Consensus in Developing a National Set of Child Well-Being Indicators," Social Indicators Research, Springer, vol. 80(1), pages 79-104, January.
  2. François Bourguignon & Satya Chakravarty, 2003. "The Measurement of Multidimensional Poverty," Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer, vol. 1(1), pages 25-49, April.
  3. Sabina Alkire and James Foster, 2011. "Understandings and Misunderstandings of Multidimensional Poverty Measurement," OPHI Working Papers ophiwp043, Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford.
  4. Jonathan Bradshaw & Petra Hoelscher & Dominic Richardson, 2007. "An Index of Child Well-being in the European Union," Social Indicators Research, Springer, vol. 80(1), pages 133-177, January.
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