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Scale Economies, Intra-Industry Trade And Industry Location In The "New Trade Theory"

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  • Marius Brülhart

Abstract

This paper exposes some common misinterpretations of the "new trade theory". First, the view that high scale economies give rise to high levels of intra-industry trade is challenged. It is shown that the monopolistic-competition trade model predicts a negative relationship between internal scale economies and intra-industry trade. Second, in spite of a common perception that the "new" theory explains ever growing levels of intra-industry trade in an integrating world economy, a scrutiny of the basic model indicates that reduced distance costs result in lower intra-industry trade. However, if temporary re-location rigidities are considered, integration entails an initial surge of intra-industry trade, which eventually withers away, when the centripetal forces towards inter-industry specialisation take over. This might contribute towards an explanation for observed reversals of intra-industry trade growth among industrial countries.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Trinity College Dublin, Department of Economics in its series Economics Technical Papers with number 954.

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Date of creation: 1995
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Handle: RePEc:tcd:tcduet:954

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Postal: Trinity College, Dublin 2
Phone: (+ 353 1) 6081325
Fax: 6772503
Web page: http://www.tcd.ie/Economics/
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Cited by:
  1. Simonetta Longhi & Peter Nijkamp & Iulia Traistaru, 2003. "Determinants of Manufacturing Location in EU Accession Countries," ERSA conference papers ersa03p310, European Regional Science Association.
  2. Traistaru, Iulia & Nijkamp, Peter & Longhi, Simonetta, 2002. "Regional specialization and concentration of industrial activity in accession countries," ZEI Working Papers B 16-2002, ZEI - Center for European Integration Studies, University of Bonn.

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