Scale Economies, Intra-Industry Trade And Industry Location In The "New Trade Theory"
AbstractThis paper exposes some common misinterpretations of the "new trade theory". First, the view that high scale economies give rise to high levels of intra-industry trade is challenged. It is shown that the monopolistic-competition trade model predicts a negative relationship between internal scale economies and intra-industry trade. Second, in spite of a common perception that the "new" theory explains ever growing levels of intra-industry trade in an integrating world economy, a scrutiny of the basic model indicates that reduced distance costs result in lower intra-industry trade. However, if temporary re-location rigidities are considered, integration entails an initial surge of intra-industry trade, which eventually withers away, when the centripetal forces towards inter-industry specialisation take over. This might contribute towards an explanation for observed reversals of intra-industry trade growth among industrial countries.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Trinity College Dublin, Department of Economics in its series Economics Technical Papers with number 954.
Date of creation: 1995
Date of revision:
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
- F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
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- Simonetta Longhi & Peter Nijkamp & Iulia Traistaru, 2003. "Determinants of Manufacturing Location in EU Accession Countries," ERSA conference papers ersa03p310, European Regional Science Association.
- Traistaru, Iulia & Nijkamp, Peter & Longhi, Simonetta, 2002. "Regional specialization and concentration of industrial activity in accession countries," ZEI Working Papers B 16-2002, ZEI - Center for European Integration Studies, University of Bonn.
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