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What Drives Academic Data Sharing?

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  • Benedikt Fecher
  • Sascha Friesike
  • Marcel Hebing
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    Abstract

    Despite widespread support from policy makers, funding agencies, and scientific journals, academic researchers rarely make their research data available to others. At the same time, data sharing in research is attributed a vast potential for scientific progress. It allows the reproducibility of study results and the reuse of old data for new research questions. Based on a systematic review of 98 scholarly papers and an empirical survey among 603 secondary data users, we develop a conceptual framework that explains the process of data sharing from the primary researcher’s point of view. We show that this process can be divided into six descriptive categories: Data donor, research organization, research community, norms, data infrastructure, and data recipients. Drawing from our findings, we discuss theoretical implications regarding knowledge creation and dissemination as well as research policy measures to foster academic collaboration. We conclude that research data cannot be regarded a knowledge commons, but research policies that better incentivize data sharing are needed to improve the quality of research results and foster scientific progress.

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    File URL: http://ratswd.de/dl/RatSWD_WP_236.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by German Council for Social and Economic Data (RatSWD) in its series Working Paper Series of the German Council for Social and Economic Data with number 236.

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    Length: 32
    Date of creation: 2014
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:rsw:rswwps:rswwps236

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    Related research

    Keywords: ratswd; ratswd working paper; Data Sharing; Academia; Systematic Review; Research Policy; Knowledge Commons; Crowd Science; Commons-based Peer Production;

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    1. B.D. McCullough, 2009. "Open Access Economics Journals and the Market for Reproducible Economic Research," Economic Analysis and Policy (EAP), Queensland University of Technology (QUT), School of Economics and Finance, vol. 39(1), pages 117-126, March.
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