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Pauvreté et mortalité différentielle chez les personnes âgées

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  • Mathieu Lefebvre
  • Pierre Pestieau
  • Grégory Ponthière

Abstract

Cette note a pour objectif d’illustrer, dans le cas de la Belgique et de ses régions, un problème particulier posé par la mesure de la pauvreté. Etant donné que la mortalité varie selon le niveau de revenu – les personnes aux revenus plus élevés vivant plus longtemps, en moyenne, que les personnes aux revenus plus faibles – les taux de pauvreté calculés pour les classes âgées dépendent non seulement de ce que l’on pourrait appeler la vraie pauvreté, mais aussi de la sélection induite par la mortalité différentielle selon le revenu. En calculant les taux de pauvreté que l’on observerait si des personnes avec différents niveaux de revenus avaient toutes la même espérance de vie, on peut ainsi estimer la vraie pauvreté, en neutralisant les interférences dues à la mortalité différentielle. Cet ajustement des mesures de pauvreté est particulièrement intéressant pour la Belgique, où les écarts de longévité entre Flamands et Francophones et entre riches et moins riches sont importants.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Centre de Recherche en Economie Publique et de la Population (CREPP) (Research Center on Public and Population Economics) HEC-Management School, University of Liège in its series CREPP Working Papers with number 1109.

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Date of creation: 2011
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Handle: RePEc:rpp:wpaper:1109

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Cited by:
  1. PESTIEAU, Pierre & PONTHIERE, Grégory, 2012. "The public economics of increasing longevity," CORE Discussion Papers 2012005, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  2. repec:hal:wpaper:halshs-00676492 is not listed on IDEAS

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